Correlation of membrane glucocorticoid receptor levels with glucocorticoid-induced apoptotic competence using mutant leukemic and lymphoma cells lines

Bahiru Gametchu, Cheryl S. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied the presence and functional implications of membrane glucocorticoid receptor (mGR) in several wild type (WT) and mutant mouse lymphoid cell lines (nuclear transfer decrease, NT-; nuclear transfer increase, NTi; and receptorless, R-). Direct fluorescent antibody staining revealed large aggregates of mGR-specific fluorescing antigens in the plasma membrane of the WT and mGR-enriched (mGR++) S-49 cells. While R- cells totally lacked mGR, this receptor level was low in NT- and NTi groups. FACS analysis corroborated these results, showing a ∼4-10-fold difference between the highest mGR levels (mGR++) and the R- and NTi cells. Membrane extracts were analyzed for mGR by immunoblotting. Multiple receptor forms, ranging in Mr from 94,000 to > 200,000, were observed in the WT cells, while only smaller peptides (85,000-94,000) were found in NT- cells. No detectable immunoreactive bands were identified in either membrane or cytosol immunoprecipitates of NTi and R- cell groups. Within 48 h post dexamethasone exposure > 98% of WT and mGR++ S-49 cells underwent apoptosis, compared to 0-30% in the mutant cells, albeit the total receptor number is two to three times higher in NTi compared to WT. These results suggest a better correlation between the quantity and quality of mGRs (rather than total cellular GRs) and the ability of glucocorticoids (GCs) to lyse lymphoid cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-146
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2002

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Membrane glucocorticoid receptor
  • Steroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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