Cosmetic surgery and criminal rehabilitation

A. M. Freedman, M. M. Warren, L. W. Cunningham, S. J. Blackwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


The contribution of physical appearance to criminal behavior has long been a matter of general interest. We investigated the influence of cosmetic surgery on recidivism rates in the Texas prison system. The baseline prison population recidivism rates have been 14%, 32%, and 36% at one, two, and three years, respectively. The study group consisted of 253 inmates who had cosmetic procedures between 1982 and 1984 and who were released from prison between the time of operation and the end of 1986. The recidivism rate, calculated by life table analysis, were 8% at one year, 17% at two years, and 25% at three years. All were significantly less than baseline (P < .01, P < .001, P < .01). The rates for those who had been incarcerated for violent crimes was 3.3%, 7.7%, and 15.0% (all P < .001). We conclude that a positive relationship exists between cosmetic surgery and criminal rehabilitation, as measured by a decrease in recidivism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1113-1116
Number of pages4
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1988


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Freedman, A. M., Warren, M. M., Cunningham, L. W., & Blackwell, S. J. (1988). Cosmetic surgery and criminal rehabilitation. Southern Medical Journal, 81(9), 1113-1116.