Cost-effectiveness of in-home automated external defibrillators for individuals at increased risk of sudden cardiac death: There's no place like home?

Peter Cram, Sandeep Vijan, David Katz, A. Mark Fendrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: In-home automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are increasingly recommended as a means for improving survival of cardiac arrests that occur at home. The current study was conducted to explore the relationship between individuals' risk of cardiac arrest and cost-effectiveness of in-home AED deployment. DESIGN: Markov decision model employing a societal perspective. PATIENTS: Four hypothetical cohorts of American adults 60 years of age at progressively greater risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD): 1) all adults (annual probability of SCD 0.4%); 2) adults with multiple SCD risk factors (probability 2%); 3) adults with previous myocardial infarction (probability 4%); and 4) adults with ischemic cardiomyopathy unable to receive an implantable defibrillator (probability 6%). INTERVENTION: Strategy 1: individuals suffering an in-home cardiac arrest were treated with emergency medical services equipped with AEDs (EMS-D). Strategy 2: individuals suffering an in-home cardiac arrest received initial treatment with an in-home AED, followed by EMS. RESULTS: Assuming cardiac arrest survival rates of 15% with EMS-D and 30% with AEDs, the cost per quality-adjusted life-year gained (QALY) of providing in-home AEDs to all adults 60 years of age is $216.000. Costs of providing in-home AEDs to adults with multiple risk factors (2% probability of SCD), previous myocardial infarction (4% probability), and ischemic cardiomyopathy (6% probability) are $132,000, $104,000, and $88,000, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The cost-effectiveness of in-home AEDs is intimately linked to individuals' risk of SCD. However, providing in-home AEDs to all adults over age 60 appears relatively expensive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-258
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Defibrillators
  • Emergency medical services
  • Heart arrest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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