Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA

Matthew Allner, Sheryl Bishop, Vadim Gushin, Chris McKay, Vadim Rygalov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Crew performance in space has become an increasing focus due to the recent shift towards longer-duration human space missions to the Moon and Mars. Past expeditions carried out on Earth kept records of crew performance, which have been compared and analyzed to those reported on space missions. Purpose: This study investigates crew psychosocial group functioning through an analysis of group environment, stress, and coping data, while looking at the relationship of this data to overall crew performance. Methods: A six person heterogeneous American crew conducted a Mars simulation mission at the Mars Society's Mars Desert Research Station in Utah, USA in 2006. Participants were administered pre-mission assessments of personality, stress and coping, and personal motivation and orientation. Personal mission mistakes and Habitat problems were reported daily by each crewmember to the crew psychologist. Mid-and end-mission assessments were administered to measure cognitive functioning; group functioning/identity; perceived stress and coping; and personal motivation and orientation. Results: The overall analysis indicated effective performance and positive coping with regards to the heavy workload and environmental stressors the crew experienced. A relationship also existed between the psychology assessment data obtained and mistakes reported daily by the crew.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008
Pages11-23
Number of pages13
Volume1
StatePublished - 2008
Event59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 29 2008Oct 3 2008

Other

Other59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period9/29/0810/3/08

Fingerprint

Mars missions
crews
deserts
mars
Mars
desert
stations
Moon
Earth (planet)
psychology
space missions
personality
expeditions
habitats
station
habitat
moon
simulation
analysis
shift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Allner, M., Bishop, S., Gushin, V., McKay, C., & Rygalov, V. (2008). Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA. In International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 (Vol. 1, pp. 11-23)

Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA. / Allner, Matthew; Bishop, Sheryl; Gushin, Vadim; McKay, Chris; Rygalov, Vadim.

International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1 2008. p. 11-23.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Allner, M, Bishop, S, Gushin, V, McKay, C & Rygalov, V 2008, Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA. in International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. vol. 1, pp. 11-23, 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 9/29/08.
Allner M, Bishop S, Gushin V, McKay C, Rygalov V. Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA. In International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1. 2008. p. 11-23
Allner, Matthew ; Bishop, Sheryl ; Gushin, Vadim ; McKay, Chris ; Rygalov, Vadim. / Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA. International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1 2008. pp. 11-23
@inproceedings{48d71c1b57774c9fa63d66b2ed7a39d1,
title = "Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA",
abstract = "Introduction: Crew performance in space has become an increasing focus due to the recent shift towards longer-duration human space missions to the Moon and Mars. Past expeditions carried out on Earth kept records of crew performance, which have been compared and analyzed to those reported on space missions. Purpose: This study investigates crew psychosocial group functioning through an analysis of group environment, stress, and coping data, while looking at the relationship of this data to overall crew performance. Methods: A six person heterogeneous American crew conducted a Mars simulation mission at the Mars Society's Mars Desert Research Station in Utah, USA in 2006. Participants were administered pre-mission assessments of personality, stress and coping, and personal motivation and orientation. Personal mission mistakes and Habitat problems were reported daily by each crewmember to the crew psychologist. Mid-and end-mission assessments were administered to measure cognitive functioning; group functioning/identity; perceived stress and coping; and personal motivation and orientation. Results: The overall analysis indicated effective performance and positive coping with regards to the heavy workload and environmental stressors the crew experienced. A relationship also existed between the psychology assessment data obtained and mistakes reported daily by the crew.",
author = "Matthew Allner and Sheryl Bishop and Vadim Gushin and Chris McKay and Vadim Rygalov",
year = "2008",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781615671601",
volume = "1",
pages = "11--23",
booktitle = "International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Crew performance nalysis of a simulated Mars mission at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA

AU - Allner, Matthew

AU - Bishop, Sheryl

AU - Gushin, Vadim

AU - McKay, Chris

AU - Rygalov, Vadim

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Introduction: Crew performance in space has become an increasing focus due to the recent shift towards longer-duration human space missions to the Moon and Mars. Past expeditions carried out on Earth kept records of crew performance, which have been compared and analyzed to those reported on space missions. Purpose: This study investigates crew psychosocial group functioning through an analysis of group environment, stress, and coping data, while looking at the relationship of this data to overall crew performance. Methods: A six person heterogeneous American crew conducted a Mars simulation mission at the Mars Society's Mars Desert Research Station in Utah, USA in 2006. Participants were administered pre-mission assessments of personality, stress and coping, and personal motivation and orientation. Personal mission mistakes and Habitat problems were reported daily by each crewmember to the crew psychologist. Mid-and end-mission assessments were administered to measure cognitive functioning; group functioning/identity; perceived stress and coping; and personal motivation and orientation. Results: The overall analysis indicated effective performance and positive coping with regards to the heavy workload and environmental stressors the crew experienced. A relationship also existed between the psychology assessment data obtained and mistakes reported daily by the crew.

AB - Introduction: Crew performance in space has become an increasing focus due to the recent shift towards longer-duration human space missions to the Moon and Mars. Past expeditions carried out on Earth kept records of crew performance, which have been compared and analyzed to those reported on space missions. Purpose: This study investigates crew psychosocial group functioning through an analysis of group environment, stress, and coping data, while looking at the relationship of this data to overall crew performance. Methods: A six person heterogeneous American crew conducted a Mars simulation mission at the Mars Society's Mars Desert Research Station in Utah, USA in 2006. Participants were administered pre-mission assessments of personality, stress and coping, and personal motivation and orientation. Personal mission mistakes and Habitat problems were reported daily by each crewmember to the crew psychologist. Mid-and end-mission assessments were administered to measure cognitive functioning; group functioning/identity; perceived stress and coping; and personal motivation and orientation. Results: The overall analysis indicated effective performance and positive coping with regards to the heavy workload and environmental stressors the crew experienced. A relationship also existed between the psychology assessment data obtained and mistakes reported daily by the crew.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950482984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77950482984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:77950482984

SN - 9781615671601

VL - 1

SP - 11

EP - 23

BT - International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008

ER -