Cross-sectional study of nutritional intake among patients undergoing tuberculosis treatment along the Myanmar-Thailand border

Karim Damji, Ahmar H. Hashmi, Lin Lin Kyi, Michele Vincenti-Delmas, Win Pa Pa Htun, Htet Ko Ko Aung, Tobias Brummaier, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Verena Carrara, Francois Nosten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective This study summarises nutritional intake among patients with tuberculosis (TB) along the Myanmar-Thailand border according to the local diet. Setting TB clinic along the Myanmar-Thailand border. Participants Cross-sectional surveys of 24-hour food recall were conducted with participants receiving anti-TB treatment. Participants were purposively selected to reflect proportion of age, sex and HIV co-infection based on historical patient records. Out of a total of 28 participants, 20 (71.4%) were men and 5 (17.9%) were co-infected with HIV. Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary outcome compared actual recorded intake to recommended intake. Secondary outcomes compared weight gain and body mass index (BMI) from diagnosis to time of survey. Results There were no significant differences in macronutrient or micronutrient intake by sex or for patients supplementing their rations. Mean treatment length at time of survey was 20.7 weeks (95% CI: 16.5 to 24.8). A significantly higher proportion of women (8/8, 100%) met caloric requirements compared with men (9/20, 45.0%, p=0.010), but few participants met other macronutrient or micronutrient requirements, with no significant differences by sex or for patients supplementing their rations. From diagnosis to the time of the survey, participants averaged significant weight gain of 6.48 kg (95% CI: 3.87 to 9.10) and increased BMI of 2.47 kg/m 2 (95% CI: 1.45 to 3.49; p=0.0001 for both). However, 50% (14/28) still had mild or more severe forms of malnutrition. Conclusions This cross-sectional survey of nutritional intake in patients undergoing TB treatment in a sanatorium setting demonstrates the difficulty in sufficiently meeting nutritional demands, even when providing nutritional support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere052981
JournalBMJ open
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2022

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • nutrition & dietetics
  • tropical medicine
  • tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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