Reversal of eosinophilic inflammation has been an elusive therapeutic goal in the management of asthma pathogenesis. In this regard, GM-CSF is a primary candidate cytokine regulating eosinophil activation and survival in the lung; however, its molecular mechanism of propagation and maintenance of stimulated eosinophil activation is not well understood. In this study, we elucidate those late interactions occurring between the GM-CSF receptor and activated eosinophil signaling molecules. Using coimmunoprecipitation with GM-CSF-stimulated eosinophils, we have identified that the GM-CSF receptor β-chain (GMRβ) interacted with ICAM-1 and Shp2 phosphatase, as well as Slp76 and ADAP adaptor proteins. Separate experiments using affinity binding with a tyrosine-phosphorylated peptide containing an ITIM (ICAM-1 residues 480-488) showed binding to Shp2 phosphatase and GMRβ. However, the interaction of GMRβ with the phosphorylated ICAM-1-derived peptide was observed only with stimulated eosinophil lysates, suggesting that the interaction of GMRβ with ICAM-1 required phosphorylated Shp2 and/or phosphorylated GMRβ. Importantly, we found that inhibition of ICAM-1 in activated eosinophils blocked GM-CSF-induced expression of c-fos, c-myc, IL-8, and TNF-α. Moreover, inhibition of ICAM-1 expression with either antisense oligonucleotide or an ICAM-1-blocking Ab effectively inhibited ERK activation and eosinophil survival. We concluded that the interaction between ICAM-1 and the GM-CSF receptor was essential for GM-CSF-induced eosinophil activation and survival. Taken together, these results provide novel mechanistic insights defining the interaction between ICAM-1 and the GM-CSF receptor and highlight the importance of targeting ICAM-1 and GM-CSF/IL-5/IL-3 receptor systems as a therapeutic strategy to counter eosinophilia in asthma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy