Crystal structure of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Rad6 at 2.6 Å resolution

David K. Worthylake, Satya Prakash, Louise Prakash, Christopher P. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (UBC) Rad6 is required for several functions, including the repair of UV damaged DNA, damage-induced mutagenesis, sporulation, and the degradation of cellular proteins that possess destabilizing N-terminal residues. Rad6 mediates its role in N-end rule-dependent protein degradation via interaction with the ubiquitin-protein ligase Ubr1 and in DNA repair via interactions with the DNA binding protein Rad18. We report here the crystal structure of Rad6 refined at 2.6 Å resolution to an R factor of 21.3%. The protein adopts an α/β fold that is very similar to other UBC structures. An apparent difference at the functionally important first helix, however, has prompted a reassessment of previously reported structures. The active site cysteine lies in a cleft formed by a coil region that includes the 310 helix and a loop that is in different conformations for the three molecules in the asymmetric unit. Residues important for Red6 interaction with Ubr1 and Rad18 are on the opposite side of the structure from the active site, indicating that this part of the UBC surface participates in protein-protein interactions that define Rad6 substrate specificity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6271-6276
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 13 1998

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Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes
Yeast
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Crystal structure
Proteolysis
Catalytic Domain
Proteins
Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
R Factors
DNA-Binding Proteins
Substrate Specificity
Mutagenesis
Repair
DNA Repair
DNA Damage
Cysteine
Degradation
DNA
Conformations
Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Crystal structure of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Rad6 at 2.6 Å resolution. / Worthylake, David K.; Prakash, Satya; Prakash, Louise; Hill, Christopher P.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 273, No. 11, 13.03.1998, p. 6271-6276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hill, Christopher P.

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