CT imaging features of bile duct stent complications

Nga T. Nguyen, Hasan A. Khan, Kian Abdul-Baki, Woongsoon Choi, Neel K. Shroff, Zahra Akhtar, Peeyush Bhargava

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biliary stents have been widely used to treat both malignant and benign biliary obstruction. Biliary stenting serves as a temporary measure to maintain ductal patency and promote bile drainage. Biliary decompression can help relieve clinical symptoms of pain, obstructive jaundice, pruritis, fat malabsorption, and failure to thrive and prevent disease progression, such as secondary biliary cirrhosis and end-stage liver failure. Endoscopic placement of biliary endoprosthesis is a minimally invasive procedure well tolerated by most patients but is not without problems. Multiple early and late complications have been reported in the literature and Computed Tomography (CT) is the most used modality to assess normal positions and evaluate patients suspected of stent complications. The aim of this article is to provide a review various of biliary stent related complications, as seen on CT. Current literature on risk factors, diagnosis and management is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109986
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume103
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Bile duct
  • Biliary stent
  • CT of biliary stent
  • Complications
  • Stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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