Adsorbed but not penetrated virus can be removed from the CMV-infected cell membrane by digestion with cystine-activated papain. Membrane antigens appear on 80-90% of the infected cells 14-20 hr after infection as a result of de novo protein synthesis. Antigen synthesis can be blocked with inhibitors of protein synthesis, but not with DNA inhibitors. In the early stage of infection, pooled human convalescent serum reacted well with the membrane antigen, whereas pooled antiserum of rabbits immunized with CMV virion suspension gave a positive reaction with a small proportion of the cells. After the 48th hr, both the human and the rabbit serum pool reacted with the membrane of the infected cells. Adsorption with cells cultured for 24 hr after CMV infection reduced the neutralization titres of the antisera only slightly but the titre reduction was considerable when absorption was performed with cells cultured for more than 48 hr after infection. It is concluded that on the membrane of cells productively infected by CMV at least 2 membrane antigens are present, one coded for by the DNA of the parent virus and another which is the product of the DNA of the virus progeny. The 2 antigens can be differentiated serologically.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Acta microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1977|
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