Deconstructing dogma: Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen

Morgan L. Collom, Therese M. Duane, MacKenzie Campbell-Furtick, Billy J. Moore, Nadeem N. Haddad, Martin D. Zielinski, Mohamed Ray-Zack, Daniel D. Yeh, Asad J. Choudhry, Daniel C. Cullinane, Kenji Inaba, Agustin Escalante, Salina Wydo, David Turay, Andrea Pakula, Jill Watras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND Management of small bowel obstruction (SBO) has become more conservative, especially in those patients with previous abdominal surgery (PAS). However, surgical dogma continues to recommend operative exploration for SBO with no PAS. With the increased use of computed tomography imaging resulting in more SBO diagnoses, it is important to reevaluate the role of mandatory operative exploration. Gastrografin (GG) administration decreases the need for operative exploration and may be an option for SBO without PAS. We hypothesized that the use of GG for SBO without PAS will be equally effective in reducing the operative exploration rate compared with that for SBO with PAS. METHODS A post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted for patients with SBO from February 2015 through December 2016. Patients younger than 18 years, pregnant patients, and patients with evidence of hypotension, bowel strangulation, peritonitis, closed loop obstruction or pneumatosis intestinalis were excluded. The primary outcome was operative exploration rate for SBO with or without PAS. Rate adjustment was accomplished through multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS Overall, 601 patients with SBO were included in the study, 500 with PAS and 101 patients without PAS. The two groups were similar except for age, sex, prior abdominal surgery including colon surgery, prior SBO admission, and history of cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that PAS (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; p = 0.03) and the use of GG (OR, 0.11; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of successful nonoperative management, whereas intensive care unit admission (OR, 16.0; p < 0.01) was associated with a higher likelihood of need for operation. The use of GG significantly decreased the need for operation in patients with and without PAS. CONCLUSIONS Patients with and without PAS who received GG had lower rates of operative exploration for SBO compared with those who did not receive GG. Patients with a diagnosis of SBO without PAS should be considered for the nonoperative management approach using GG. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Therapeutic, level IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-36
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Abdomen
Diatrizoate Meglumine
Odds Ratio
Peritonitis
Hypotension
Intensive Care Units
Colon
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Tomography

Keywords

  • Gastrografin
  • small bowel obstruction
  • virgin abdomen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Collom, M. L., Duane, T. M., Campbell-Furtick, M., Moore, B. J., Haddad, N. N., Zielinski, M. D., ... Watras, J. (2018). Deconstructing dogma: Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 85(1), 33-36. https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001941

Deconstructing dogma : Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen. / Collom, Morgan L.; Duane, Therese M.; Campbell-Furtick, MacKenzie; Moore, Billy J.; Haddad, Nadeem N.; Zielinski, Martin D.; Ray-Zack, Mohamed; Yeh, Daniel D.; Choudhry, Asad J.; Cullinane, Daniel C.; Inaba, Kenji; Escalante, Agustin; Wydo, Salina; Turay, David; Pakula, Andrea; Watras, Jill.

In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Vol. 85, No. 1, 01.07.2018, p. 33-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Collom, ML, Duane, TM, Campbell-Furtick, M, Moore, BJ, Haddad, NN, Zielinski, MD, Ray-Zack, M, Yeh, DD, Choudhry, AJ, Cullinane, DC, Inaba, K, Escalante, A, Wydo, S, Turay, D, Pakula, A & Watras, J 2018, 'Deconstructing dogma: Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen', Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 33-36. https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001941
Collom, Morgan L. ; Duane, Therese M. ; Campbell-Furtick, MacKenzie ; Moore, Billy J. ; Haddad, Nadeem N. ; Zielinski, Martin D. ; Ray-Zack, Mohamed ; Yeh, Daniel D. ; Choudhry, Asad J. ; Cullinane, Daniel C. ; Inaba, Kenji ; Escalante, Agustin ; Wydo, Salina ; Turay, David ; Pakula, Andrea ; Watras, Jill. / Deconstructing dogma : Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen. In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2018 ; Vol. 85, No. 1. pp. 33-36.
@article{67233a41e2d7417c80ca4e78f5f2ff29,
title = "Deconstructing dogma: Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen",
abstract = "BACKGROUND Management of small bowel obstruction (SBO) has become more conservative, especially in those patients with previous abdominal surgery (PAS). However, surgical dogma continues to recommend operative exploration for SBO with no PAS. With the increased use of computed tomography imaging resulting in more SBO diagnoses, it is important to reevaluate the role of mandatory operative exploration. Gastrografin (GG) administration decreases the need for operative exploration and may be an option for SBO without PAS. We hypothesized that the use of GG for SBO without PAS will be equally effective in reducing the operative exploration rate compared with that for SBO with PAS. METHODS A post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted for patients with SBO from February 2015 through December 2016. Patients younger than 18 years, pregnant patients, and patients with evidence of hypotension, bowel strangulation, peritonitis, closed loop obstruction or pneumatosis intestinalis were excluded. The primary outcome was operative exploration rate for SBO with or without PAS. Rate adjustment was accomplished through multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS Overall, 601 patients with SBO were included in the study, 500 with PAS and 101 patients without PAS. The two groups were similar except for age, sex, prior abdominal surgery including colon surgery, prior SBO admission, and history of cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that PAS (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; p = 0.03) and the use of GG (OR, 0.11; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of successful nonoperative management, whereas intensive care unit admission (OR, 16.0; p < 0.01) was associated with a higher likelihood of need for operation. The use of GG significantly decreased the need for operation in patients with and without PAS. CONCLUSIONS Patients with and without PAS who received GG had lower rates of operative exploration for SBO compared with those who did not receive GG. Patients with a diagnosis of SBO without PAS should be considered for the nonoperative management approach using GG. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Therapeutic, level IV.",
keywords = "Gastrografin, small bowel obstruction, virgin abdomen",
author = "Collom, {Morgan L.} and Duane, {Therese M.} and MacKenzie Campbell-Furtick and Moore, {Billy J.} and Haddad, {Nadeem N.} and Zielinski, {Martin D.} and Mohamed Ray-Zack and Yeh, {Daniel D.} and Choudhry, {Asad J.} and Cullinane, {Daniel C.} and Kenji Inaba and Agustin Escalante and Salina Wydo and David Turay and Andrea Pakula and Jill Watras",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/TA.0000000000001941",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "85",
pages = "33--36",
journal = "Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery",
issn = "2163-0755",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deconstructing dogma

T2 - Nonoperative management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen

AU - Collom, Morgan L.

AU - Duane, Therese M.

AU - Campbell-Furtick, MacKenzie

AU - Moore, Billy J.

AU - Haddad, Nadeem N.

AU - Zielinski, Martin D.

AU - Ray-Zack, Mohamed

AU - Yeh, Daniel D.

AU - Choudhry, Asad J.

AU - Cullinane, Daniel C.

AU - Inaba, Kenji

AU - Escalante, Agustin

AU - Wydo, Salina

AU - Turay, David

AU - Pakula, Andrea

AU - Watras, Jill

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - BACKGROUND Management of small bowel obstruction (SBO) has become more conservative, especially in those patients with previous abdominal surgery (PAS). However, surgical dogma continues to recommend operative exploration for SBO with no PAS. With the increased use of computed tomography imaging resulting in more SBO diagnoses, it is important to reevaluate the role of mandatory operative exploration. Gastrografin (GG) administration decreases the need for operative exploration and may be an option for SBO without PAS. We hypothesized that the use of GG for SBO without PAS will be equally effective in reducing the operative exploration rate compared with that for SBO with PAS. METHODS A post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted for patients with SBO from February 2015 through December 2016. Patients younger than 18 years, pregnant patients, and patients with evidence of hypotension, bowel strangulation, peritonitis, closed loop obstruction or pneumatosis intestinalis were excluded. The primary outcome was operative exploration rate for SBO with or without PAS. Rate adjustment was accomplished through multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS Overall, 601 patients with SBO were included in the study, 500 with PAS and 101 patients without PAS. The two groups were similar except for age, sex, prior abdominal surgery including colon surgery, prior SBO admission, and history of cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that PAS (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; p = 0.03) and the use of GG (OR, 0.11; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of successful nonoperative management, whereas intensive care unit admission (OR, 16.0; p < 0.01) was associated with a higher likelihood of need for operation. The use of GG significantly decreased the need for operation in patients with and without PAS. CONCLUSIONS Patients with and without PAS who received GG had lower rates of operative exploration for SBO compared with those who did not receive GG. Patients with a diagnosis of SBO without PAS should be considered for the nonoperative management approach using GG. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Therapeutic, level IV.

AB - BACKGROUND Management of small bowel obstruction (SBO) has become more conservative, especially in those patients with previous abdominal surgery (PAS). However, surgical dogma continues to recommend operative exploration for SBO with no PAS. With the increased use of computed tomography imaging resulting in more SBO diagnoses, it is important to reevaluate the role of mandatory operative exploration. Gastrografin (GG) administration decreases the need for operative exploration and may be an option for SBO without PAS. We hypothesized that the use of GG for SBO without PAS will be equally effective in reducing the operative exploration rate compared with that for SBO with PAS. METHODS A post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted for patients with SBO from February 2015 through December 2016. Patients younger than 18 years, pregnant patients, and patients with evidence of hypotension, bowel strangulation, peritonitis, closed loop obstruction or pneumatosis intestinalis were excluded. The primary outcome was operative exploration rate for SBO with or without PAS. Rate adjustment was accomplished through multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS Overall, 601 patients with SBO were included in the study, 500 with PAS and 101 patients without PAS. The two groups were similar except for age, sex, prior abdominal surgery including colon surgery, prior SBO admission, and history of cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that PAS (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; p = 0.03) and the use of GG (OR, 0.11; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of successful nonoperative management, whereas intensive care unit admission (OR, 16.0; p < 0.01) was associated with a higher likelihood of need for operation. The use of GG significantly decreased the need for operation in patients with and without PAS. CONCLUSIONS Patients with and without PAS who received GG had lower rates of operative exploration for SBO compared with those who did not receive GG. Patients with a diagnosis of SBO without PAS should be considered for the nonoperative management approach using GG. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Therapeutic, level IV.

KW - Gastrografin

KW - small bowel obstruction

KW - virgin abdomen

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061986979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85061986979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/TA.0000000000001941

DO - 10.1097/TA.0000000000001941

M3 - Article

C2 - 29965940

AN - SCOPUS:85061986979

VL - 85

SP - 33

EP - 36

JO - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

JF - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

SN - 2163-0755

IS - 1

ER -