Demixing and confinement of non-additive hard-sphere mixtures in slit pores

N. G. Almarza, C. Martín, E. Lomba, Cecilia Quijano

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Abstract

Using Monte Carlo simulation, we study the influence of geometric confinement on demixing for a series of symmetric non-additive hard spheres mixtures confined in slit pores. We consider both a wide range of positive non-additivities and a series of pore widths, ranging from the pure two dimensional limit to a large pore width where results are close to the bulk three dimensional case. Critical parameters are extracted by means of finite size analysis. As a general trend, we find that for this particular case in which demixing is induced by volume effects, the critical demixing densities (and pressures) increase due to confinement between neutral walls, following the expected behavior for phase equilibria of systems confined by pure repulsive walls: i.e., confinement generally enhances miscibility. However, a non-monotonous dependence of the critical pressure and density with pore size is found for small non-additivities. In this latter case, it turns out that an otherwise stable bulk mixture can be unexpectedly forced to demix by simple geometric confinement when the pore width decreases down to approximately one and a half molecular diameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014702
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2015
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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