We sought to identify temporal, geographic, age and sex-based mortality trends of IE in the US over the past 2 decades. This population-based study utilized the CDC WONDER database to identify IE-related deaths occurring within the US between 1999 and 2019. IE-related crude and age-adjusted mortality rates (CMRs and AAMRs, respectively) were determined. Joinpoint regression was used to determine trends in CMR/AAMR using annual percent change (APC) in the overall sample in addition to demographic (sex, race/ethnicity, age) and geographic (rural/urban, statewide) subgroups. Between 1999 and 2019, a total of 279,154 deaths related to IE were reported. The overall AAMR declined from 54.2/1,000,000 in 1999 to 51.4 in 2019. However, AAMRs increased among several sub-groups over the past decade including men [2009-2019 APC = 0.4%, 95%CI, 0.1%-0.6%], non-Hispanic (NH) whites [APC of 0.8% from 2009 to 2019 (95%CI 0.5%-1.1%)], NH American Indians or Alaskan Natives [APC of 1.4% during the study period (95%CI, 0.7%-2.0%)], and those in rural areas [APC of 1.0% from 2009 to 2019 (95%CI 0.5%-1.5%)]. The CMRs increased among subjects 40-64 years old [APC of 2.8% from 2010 to 2019 (95%CI 2.2%-3.5%)] and 15-39 years old [APC of 16.4% from 2010 to 2017 (95%CI 13.5%-19.4%)]. IE-related CMR/AAMR increased among men, NH whites, NH American Indian or Alaskan Natives, those <65-year-old, and those from rural areas. Discerning the reasons for the increase in IE-related mortality among these groups and examining the impact of the social determinants of health may represent important opportunities to enhance care.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine