Demographic and Regional Trends of Mortality in Patients With Aortic Dissection in the United States, 1999 to 2019

Salik Nazir, Robert W. Ariss, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Rochell Issa, Erin D. Michos, Yochai Birnbaum, George V. Moukarbel, P. Kasi Ramanathan, Hani Jneid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AoD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, the burden of AoD mortality is not well characterized, and contemporary data and mortality trends in different demographic and geographic subgroups have not been described. METHODS AND RESULTS: Trends in AoD mortality were assessed using a cross-sectional analysis of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database. Crude and age-adjusted mortality rates (AAMR) per 1 million people with associated annual percent changes were determined. Joinpoint regression was used to assess trends in the overall sample and different demographic (sex, race and ethnicity, age) and geographic subgroups. Between 1999 and 2019, a total of 86 855 AoD deaths occurred within the United States. In the overall population, AAMR was 21.1 per 1 million in 1999 and 21.3 in 2019. After an initial decline in mortality, AAMR increased from 2012 to 2019, with an associated annual change of 2.5% (95% CI, 1.8–3.3). Men, older adults (aged ≥85 years), and non-Hispanic Black or African American individuals had higher mortality rates than women, younger individuals, and other racial and ethnic individuals, respectively. Despite lower AAMRs throughout the study period, women experienced greater increases in AAMR from 2012 to 2019 compared with men. Similarly, non-Hispanic Black or African American individuals had a pronounced increase in AAMR from 2012 to 2019. CONCLUSIONS: Despite an initial decline in AoD mortality, the mortality rate has been increasing from 2012 to 2019, with pronounced increases among women and non-Hispanic Black or African American individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere024533
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aortic dissection
  • epidemiology
  • mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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