Dengue-Quo tu et quo vadis?

Rubing Chen, Nikos Vasilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dengue viruses (DENV) are by far the most important arboviral pathogens in the tropics around the world, putting at risk of infection nearly a third of the global human population. DENV are members of the genus Flavivirus in the Family Flaviviridae and comprise four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV-1-4). Although they share almost identical epidemiological features, they are genetically distinct. Phylogenetic analyses have revealed valuable insights into the origins, epidemiology and the forces that shape DENV evolution in nature. In this review, we examine the current status of DENV evolution, including but not limited to rates of evolution, selection pressures, population sizes and evolutionary constraints, and we discuss how these factors influence transmission, pathogenesis and emergence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1562-1608
Number of pages47
JournalViruses
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Arbovirus
  • Dengue virus (DENV)
  • Evolution
  • Mosquito
  • Phylogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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