Dental management in patients with hypertension: Challenges and solutions

Janet H. Southerland, Danielle G. Gill, Pandu R. Gangula, Leslie R. Halpern, Cesar Y. Cardona, Charles P. Mouton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypertension is a chronic illness affecting more than a billion people worldwide. The high prevalence of the disease among the American population is concerning and must be considered when treating dental patients. Its lack of symptoms until more serious problems occur makes the disease deadly. Dental practitioners can often be on the frontlines of prevention of hypertension by evaluating preoperative blood pressure readings, performing risk assessments, and knowing when to consider medical consultation of a hypertensive patient in a dental setting. In addition, routine follow-up appointments and patients seen on an emergent basis, who may otherwise not be seen routinely, allow the oral health provider an opportunity to diagnose and refer for any unknown disease. It is imperative to understand the risk factors that may predispose patients to hypertension and to be able to educate them about their condition. Most importantly, the oral health care provider is in a pivotal position to play an active role in the management of patients presenting with a history of hypertension because many antihypertensive agents interact with pharmacologic agents used in the dental practice. The purpose of this review is to provide strategies for managing and preventing complications when treating the patient with hypertension who presents to the dental office.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalClinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2016

Keywords

  • Blood pressure medicines
  • Dental
  • Guidelines
  • High blood pressure
  • Inflammation
  • Metabolic disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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