Department of Defense influenza and other respiratory disease surveillance during the 2009 pandemic

Ronald L. Burke, Kelly G. Vest, Angelia A. Eick, Jose L. Sanchez, Matthew C. Johns, Julie A. Pavlin, Richard G. Jarman, Jerry L. Mothershead, Miguel Quintana, Thomas Palys, Michael J. Cooper, Jian Guan, David Schnabel, John Waitumbi, Alisa Wilma, Candelaria Daniels, Matthew L. Brown, Steven Tobias, Matthew R. Kasper, Maya WilliamsJeffrey A. Tjaden, Buhari Oyofo, Timothy Styles, Patrick J. Blair, Anthony Hawksworth, Joel M. Montgomery, Hugo Razuri, Alberto Laguna-Torres, Randal J. Schoepp, David A. Norwood, Victor H. MacIntosh, Thomas Gibbons, Gregory C. Gray, David L. Blazes, Kevin L. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Centers Division of Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (AFHSC-GEIS) supports and oversees surveillance for emerging infectious diseases, including respiratory diseases, of importance to the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). AFHSC-GEIS accomplishes this mission by providing funding and oversight to a global network of partners for respiratory disease surveillance. This report details the systems surveillance activities during 2009, with a focus on efforts in responding to the novel H1N1 Influenza A (A/H1N1) pandemic and contributions to global public health. Active surveillance networks established by AFHSC-GEIS partners resulted in the initial detection of novel A/H1N1 influenza in the U.S. and several other countries, and viruses isolated from these activities were used as seed strains for the 2009 pandemic influenza vaccine. Partners also provided diagnostic laboratory training and capacity building to host nations to assist with the novel A/H1N1 pandemic global response, adapted a Food and Drug Administration-approved assay for use on a ruggedized polymerase chain reaction platform for diagnosing novel A/H1N1 in remote settings, and provided estimates of seasonal vaccine effectiveness against novel A/H1N1 illness. Regular reporting of the systems worldwide surveillance findings to the global public health community enabled leaders to make informed decisions on disease mitigation measures and controls for the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic. AFHSC-GEISs support of a global network contributes to DoDs force health protection, while supporting global public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberS6
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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