Depressive Symptoms Among Older Mexicans: The Role of Widowhood, Gender, and Social Integration

Maria A. Monserud, Rebeca Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Widowhood is often associated with decreased mental health. In developing countries with low institutional support, such as Mexico, social integration can be particularly consequential for widowed older adults’ psychological well-being. This study investigates the interplay among depressive symptoms, widowhood, gender, and social integration in a nationally representative sample of older Mexicans. Drawing on Waves 1 (2001) and 2 (2003) of the Mexican Health and Aging Study, we estimated the ordinary least squares regressions to examine the implications of widowhood, gender, social support, social network, and social engagement for changes in depressive symptoms between the waves among Mexicans aged 50 and older (N = 8,708). The findings indicate that social integration can mitigate as well as exacerbate depressive symptomatology among older Mexicans. Certain aspects of social integration can moderate marital status-gender differences in depressive symptoms among older Mexicans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)856-886
Number of pages31
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015


  • Mexico
  • depressive symptoms
  • gender
  • older adults
  • social integration
  • widowhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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