Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that is usually located in the dermis or subcutis and is locally aggressive. Rarely, these lesions may undergo fibrosarcomatous transformation, which is thought to increase their metastatic potential. DFSP is classically associated with a 17;22 translocation (or ring chromosome thereof) resulting in fusion of the COL1A1 and PDGFB genes. However, variant fusions involving PDGFD have been recently reported. Herein, we present two morphologically diverse cases of DFSP with PDGFD rearrangement. Case 1 is a 68-year-old female with a left dorsal foot lesion. Morphologically, the lesion is unusual as it is a well-circumscribed, hypercellular, subcutaneous nodule with uniform CD34-positive spindle cells arranged in a herringbone pattern without storiform arrangement or “honeycombing” fat entrapment. It was diagnosed as pure fibrosarcomatous DFSP. Case 2 is a 37-year-old male with a right supra-auricular lesion. Morphologically, the lesion displays classic DFSP features including bland CD34-positive spindle cells with storiform growth, fat entrapment, and infiltrative borders. Both lesions were negative for COL1A1-PDGFB fusion but positive for PDGFD rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. FISH testing for PDGFD rearrangement should be performed in cases where there is a high suspicion for DFSP but initial studies for COL1A1-PDGFB are negative.
- dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
- fibrosarcomatous transformation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine