It has been shown using the fluorescent microscopy technique that long-chain fatty acid derivatives, myristoylcarnitine and palmitoylcarnitine, exert the most toxic effect on rat ventricular cardiomyoctes. The addition of 20-50 microM acylcarnitines increases calcium concentration in cytoplasm ([Ca2+]i) and causes cell death after the 4-8 min lag-period. This effect is independent on extracellular calcium and L-type calcium channel inhibitors. Free acids (myristic and palmitic acids) at a concentration of 300-500 microM have a little effect on [Ca2+]i within 30 min. We suggest that the toxic effect is due to the activation of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium channels by acylcarnitines and resulting acyl-CoA. Mitochondria play a role of calcium-buffer system in these conditions. The calcium capacity of this buffer determines the lag-period. Phosphate increases the calcium capacity of mitochondrial and the lag-period. In the presence of rotenone and oligomycin the elevation of [Ca2+]i after the addition of acylcarnitines occurs without the lag-period. The exhaustion of the mitochondrial calcium-buffer capacity or significant depolarization of mitochondrial leads to a rapid release of calcium from mitochondria and cell death. Thus, the activation of reticular calcium channels is the main reason of the toxicity of myristoylcarnitine and palmitoylcarnitine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2008|
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