Detection of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that recognize conformational epitopes of glycoproteins 160 and 41 often allows for early diagnosis of HIV infection

Jianmin Chen, Liqiang Wang, Jenny J.Y. Chen, Gautam K. Sahu, Stephen Tyring, Keith Ramsey, Alexander J. Indrikovs, John R. Petersen, David Paar, Miles W. Cloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

On the basis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) needlestick studies, the time to seroconversion for anti-HIV antibodies is 1-9 months (mean, ∼2-3 months). However, an earlier marker of an immune response to HIV often occurs - serum anti-HIV antibodies reactive with live HIV-infected cells, termed "early HIV antibodies." The specificities of these antibodies are characterized by the recognition of type-specific conformational epitopes of the HIV envelope glycoprotein (gp) 160 and gp41. By use of a third-generation native HIVIIIBgp160 enzyme immunoassay (EIA), detection of HIV antibodies occurred, on average, 33 days earlier than did detection by commercial EIA and 25 days earlier than did detection by the reference antigen and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays in 3 of 5 HIV seroconversion panels. A fourth panel possessed early HIV antibodies that reacted with HIV213but not with HIVIIIB, allowing for detection of HIV antibodies ∼3 weeks earlier than by RT-PCR or other current tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-331
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume186
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Chen, J., Wang, L., Chen, J. J. Y., Sahu, G. K., Tyring, S., Ramsey, K., Indrikovs, A. J., Petersen, J. R., Paar, D., & Cloyd, M. W. (2002). Detection of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that recognize conformational epitopes of glycoproteins 160 and 41 often allows for early diagnosis of HIV infection. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 186(3), 321-331. https://doi.org/10.1086/341661