Development and Validation of the Activities of Daily Living Short Form for Community-Dwelling Korean Stroke Survivors

Ickpyo Hong, Eun Young Yoo, Abby Swanson Kazley, Danbi Lee, Chih Ying Li, Timothy A. Reistetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study developed and validated a short form (SF) using activities of daily living (ADL) outcome measures from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that can minimize survey administration burden for clinicians. This study utilized secondary data from the 2005 KNHANES with 422 community-dwelling stroke survivors. The KNHANES data were collected from April to June 2005 in South Korea. We created a 7-item SF from the 17 ADL questions in the survey using item response theory (IRT) methodologies. The precision and validity of the SF were compared to the full questionnaire of ADL items and the EuroQol-5D total score. Among the 17 ADL questions, 14 questions demonstrated unidimensional construct validity. Using IRT methodologies, a set of 7 items were selected from the full bank. The 7-item SF demonstrated good psychometric properties: high correlation with the full bank (r =.975, p <.001), good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α =.93), and a high correlation with the EuroQol-5D total score (r =.678, p <.001). These findings indicate that a well-developed SF can precisely measure ADL performance capacity for stroke survivors compared to the full item bank, which is expected to reduce the administration burden of the KNHANES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-66
Number of pages23
JournalEvaluation and the Health Professions
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • activities of daily living
  • computer adaptive testing
  • item response theory
  • national survey
  • short form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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