Certain rat strains acutely increase blood pressure (BP) when given diets high in NaCl. Prior results showed that ''salt-sensitive'' rat strains, at least the ones studied, also increase BP in response to sugar loading. To examine this relationship further and learn more about the pathogenesis of sucrose-induced BP elevations, we examined the effects of unilateral nephrectomy (uninephrectomy) on sucrose-induced BP changes. The rationale is based upon the findings that renal mass removal sensitizes BP response to salt loading. Over 15 weeks, augmented sugar (sucrose) consumption by Long-Evans (LE) rats did not increase BP markedly compared to rats consuming a diet relatively low in sugar unless uninephrectomy was performed. The differences in BP caused by the high sugar diet in a uninephrectomized rat could not be explained adequately by alterations in catecholamine excretion, plasma renin activity, excesses in blood volume, or the other parameters examined. However, salt-induced hypertension has been attributed to the presence of circulating substances affecting ion transport. Among the dietary groups, there was a significant correlation between the ability of plasma to depress PAH and TEA renal slice uptake and the difference in BP. This is consistent with the presence of a circulating factor affecting cell transport that has its greatest activity in the high sugar-uninephrectomy group of LE rats. We conclude that reducing renal mass potentiates sugar-induced BP elevation similar to salt-induced BP elevation in a normally resistant rat strain, and the rise of BP may be caused by a circulating factor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Nutrition|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Food Science