Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for stroke incidence and mortality in Mexican American older adults

Kenneth J. Ottenbacher, Glenn V. Ostir, M. Kristen Peek, Kyriakos S. Markides

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22 Scopus citations


Background. Little is known regarding diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for stroke incidence and death in older Mexican Americans. The authors studied diabetes and other potential risk factors for stroke in a sample of community-dwelling older Mexican Americans. Methods. A prospective cohort design was used that involved the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly, a longitudinal study using a weighted probability sample of Mexican Americans (aged older than 65 years) living in the southwestem United States. 3050 older Mexican American persons were originally interviewed and tested at baseline and then followed with reassessment at 2, 5, and 7 years. The incidence of stroke and stroke death were studied for the participants during a 7-year follow-up period. Results. 690 participants were identified at baseline with diabetes. 238 participants experienced a first-time stroke during the follow-up period. 66 died as a result of a stroke. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed an increased hazard ratio (HR) for stroke in persons with diabetes (HR, 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32 to 2.44; p < .0002) when adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, systolic blood pressure, previous heart attack, and lower extremity function. The stroke mortality rate was also higher (HR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.04 to 3.93) for persons with diabetes when adjusted for covariates. Conclusion. Diabetes was associated with an increased incidence of stroke and death in older Mexican Americans, particularly those taking insulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-645
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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