Diabetes outcomes in heart failure patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Menatalla Mekhaimar, Moza Al Mohannadi, Soha Dargham, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Hani Jneid, Charbel Abi Khalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: We aimed to assess diabetes outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: The National Inpatient Sample database was analyzed to identify records from 2005 to 2015 of patients hospitalized for HF with concomitant HCM. We examined the prevalence of diabetes in those patients, assessed the temporal trend of in-hospital mortality, ventricular fibrillation, atrial fibrillation, and cardiogenic shock and compared diabetes patients to their non-diabetes counterparts. Results: Among patients with HF, 0.26% had HCM, of whom 29.3% had diabetes. Diabetes prevalence increased from 24.8% in 2005 to 32.7% in 2015. The mean age of patients with diabetes decreased from 71 ± 13 to 67.6 ± 14.2 (p < 0.01), but the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors significantly increased. In-hospital mortality decreased from 4.3% to 3.2% between 2005 and 2015. Interestingly, cardiogenic shock, VF, and AF followed an upward trend. Age (OR = 1.04 [1.03–1.05]), female gender (OR = 1.50 [0.72–0.88]), and cardiovascular risk factors were associated with a higher in-hospital mortality risk in diabetes. Compared to non-diabetes patients, the ones with diabetes were younger and had more comorbidities. Unexpectedly, the adjusted risks of in-hospital mortality (aOR = 0.88 [0.76–0.91]), ventricular fibrillation (aOR = 0.79 [0.71–0.88]) and atrial fibrillation (aOR 0.80 [0.76–0.85]) were lower in patients with diabetes, but not cardiogenic shock (aOR 1.01 [0.80–1.27]). However, the length of stay was higher in patients with diabetes, and so were the total charges per stay. Conclusion: In total, we observed a temporal increase in diabetes prevalence among patients with HF and HCM. However, diabetes was paradoxically associated with lower in-hospital mortality and arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number976315
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2022

Keywords

  • NIS database
  • cardiovascular disease
  • diabetes
  • diabetes
  • heart failure
  • heart failure
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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