Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis--United States: a practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals.

Alice S. Chapman, Johan S. Bakken, Scott M. Folk, Christopher D. Paddock, Karen C. Bloch, Allan Krusell, Daniel J. Sexton, Steven C. Buckingham, Gary S. Marshall, Gregory A. Storch, Gregory A. Dasch, Jennifer H. McQuiston, David L. Swerdlow, Stephen J. Dumler, William L. Nicholson, David Walker, Marina E. Eremeeva, Christopher A. Ohl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

296 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tickborne rickettsial diseases (TBRD) continue to cause severe illness and death in otherwise healthy adults and children, despite the availability of low cost, effective antimicrobial therapy. The greatest challenge to clinicians is the difficult diagnostic dilemma posed by these infections early in their clinical course, when antibiotic therapy is most effective. Early signs and symptoms of these illnesses are notoriously nonspecific or mimic benign viral illnesses, making diagnosis difficult. In October 2004, CDC's Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, in consultation with 11 clinical and academic specialists of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, human granulocytotropic anaplasmosis, and human monocytotropic ehrlichiosis, developed guidelines to address the need for a consolidated source for the diagnosis and management of TBRD. The preparers focused on the practical aspects of epidemiology, clinical assessment, treatment, and laboratory diagnosis of TBRD. This report will assist clinicians and other health-care and public health professionals to 1) recognize epidemiologic features and clinical manifestations of TBRD, 2) develop a differential diagnosis that includes and ranks TBRD, 3) understand that the recommendations for doxycycline are the treatment of choice for both adults and children, 4) understand that early empiric antibiotic therapy can prevent severe morbidity and death, and 5) report suspect or confirmed cases of TBRD to local public health authorities to assist them with control measures and public health education efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalMMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports / Centers for Disease Control
Volume55
Issue numberRR-4
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Anaplasmosis
Ehrlichiosis
health professionals
Public Health
public health
physician
health care
Disease
Delivery of Health Care
Physicians
management
illness
Anti-Bacterial Agents
death
Therapeutics
empirics
Doxycycline
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
local public

Cite this

Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases : Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis--United States: a practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals. / Chapman, Alice S.; Bakken, Johan S.; Folk, Scott M.; Paddock, Christopher D.; Bloch, Karen C.; Krusell, Allan; Sexton, Daniel J.; Buckingham, Steven C.; Marshall, Gary S.; Storch, Gregory A.; Dasch, Gregory A.; McQuiston, Jennifer H.; Swerdlow, David L.; Dumler, Stephen J.; Nicholson, William L.; Walker, David; Eremeeva, Marina E.; Ohl, Christopher A.

In: MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports / Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 55, No. RR-4, 2006, p. 1-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chapman, AS, Bakken, JS, Folk, SM, Paddock, CD, Bloch, KC, Krusell, A, Sexton, DJ, Buckingham, SC, Marshall, GS, Storch, GA, Dasch, GA, McQuiston, JH, Swerdlow, DL, Dumler, SJ, Nicholson, WL, Walker, D, Eremeeva, ME & Ohl, CA 2006, 'Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis--United States: a practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals.', MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports / Centers for Disease Control, vol. 55, no. RR-4, pp. 1-27.
Chapman, Alice S. ; Bakken, Johan S. ; Folk, Scott M. ; Paddock, Christopher D. ; Bloch, Karen C. ; Krusell, Allan ; Sexton, Daniel J. ; Buckingham, Steven C. ; Marshall, Gary S. ; Storch, Gregory A. ; Dasch, Gregory A. ; McQuiston, Jennifer H. ; Swerdlow, David L. ; Dumler, Stephen J. ; Nicholson, William L. ; Walker, David ; Eremeeva, Marina E. ; Ohl, Christopher A. / Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases : Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis--United States: a practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals. In: MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports / Centers for Disease Control. 2006 ; Vol. 55, No. RR-4. pp. 1-27.
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