Diagnosis of Occlusion Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Left Bundle Branch Block and Paced Rhythms

Muzamil Khawaja, Janki Thakker, Riyad Kherallah, Yumei Ye, Stephen W. Smith, Yochai Birnbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: A number of criteria have been developed to aid with the diagnosis of occlusion myocardial infarction (OMI) in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and ventricular paced rhythms (VPR). The current guidelines do not provide clear preference for any specific ECG criteria in LBBB and paced rhythm patients. Recent Findings: This review delineates the difficulties of electrocardiographic diagnosis of OMI in both LBBB and VPR patients. We describe the original Sgarbossa and the newer criteria and their diagnostic performances. We highlight the expected changes of newer pacing modalities and how they may interfere with the electrocardiographic diagnosis of OMI. Summary: We recommend utilizing the Cai et al. algorithm, which combines clinical assessment with the Smith Modified Sgarbossa ECG criteria, for both LBBB and right ventricular pacing patients with suspected OMI. There is limited data concerning ECG changes of OMI in patients with the newer pacing modalities, such as biventricular, His-bundle, or left bundle branch pacing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number187
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Left bundle branch block
  • Occlusion myocardial infarction
  • Right ventricular pacing
  • ST-elevation myocardial infarction
  • Sgarbossa criteria
  • Smith-modified Sgarbossa criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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