Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Grek aquatic athletes

P. Farajian, S. A. Kavouras, M. Yannakoulia, L. S. Sidossis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate whether aquatic athletes follow optimal dietary intake, 58 athletes, all members of the Greek national swimming and water polo teams, were tested. Dietary intake was assessed at the nutrient, food, and food group level using the 24-h recall method and a food frequency questionnaire. Mean energy intake for males and females was 14.3 and 8.5 MJ, respectively. Mean carbohydrate consumption for male and female athletes was 4.5 g/kg and 3.8 g/kg of body weight, respectively. Fat intake was 153 g for males and 79 g for females. A significant number of the athletes (71% of the males, 93% of the females) did not meet the Dietary Reference Intakes for at least one of the antioxidant vitamins. The data suggest that athletes of both genders consumed too much fat and too little carbohydrate. Insufficient fruit and vegetable intake was related to low intake of antioxidants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-585
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume14
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

athletes
Athletes
food intake
Food
Antioxidants
Fats
Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
Dietary Reference Intakes
antioxidants
Recommended Dietary Allowances
food groups
vegetable consumption
food frequency questionnaires
fruit consumption
fat intake
Energy Intake
Vitamins
Vegetables
vitamins

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Carbohydrate
  • Swimming
  • Under-reporting
  • Water polo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science

Cite this

Farajian, P., Kavouras, S. A., Yannakoulia, M., & Sidossis, L. S. (2004). Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Grek aquatic athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 14(5), 574-585.

Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Grek aquatic athletes. / Farajian, P.; Kavouras, S. A.; Yannakoulia, M.; Sidossis, L. S.

In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, Vol. 14, No. 5, 10.2004, p. 574-585.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Farajian, P, Kavouras, SA, Yannakoulia, M & Sidossis, LS 2004, 'Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Grek aquatic athletes', International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 574-585.
Farajian, P. ; Kavouras, S. A. ; Yannakoulia, M. ; Sidossis, L. S. / Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Grek aquatic athletes. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2004 ; Vol. 14, No. 5. pp. 574-585.
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