To assess effects of dietary myo-inositol supplementation on diabetes-induced vascular structural lesions, diabetes was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats with streptozotocin; one-third of these rats was fed a 2% myo-inositol diet for 9 months, one-third was left untreated for 5 months then treated with myo-inositol for the last 4 months, and one-third was untreated for the entire 9 months. Controls included untreated and myo-inositol-treated groups. Weight gain was impaired and plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, food consumption, urine volume, and albuminuria were increased significantly in diabetic versus age-matched control rats. Plasma myo-inositol levels were increased approximately fivefold in controls and approximately six- to eightfold in diabetic rats treated with myo-inositol. In general, myo-inositol did not affect any of the above parameters in control or diabetic rats. Retinal capillary basement membrane width (CBMW) was increased significantly (∼50% versus controls) after 9 months of diabetes. In the control group myo-inositol increased CBMW to the level of untreated diabetic rats; myo-inositol had no effect on CBMW in each diabetic group. The number of retinal capillaries containing pericyte nuclei and pericyte capillary coverage were increased in untreated as well as myo-inositol-treated diabetic rats and in the myo-inositol-treated control group. Glomerular CBMW was increased after 5 and 9 months of diabetes versus age-matched controls, and was increased even more by myo-inositol. Mesangial fractional volume of the glomerulus was increased 36% by diabetes and was decreased slightly but significantly by myo-inositol. These results indicate that diets supplemented with 2% myo-inositol (1) cause capillary basement membrane (CBM) thickening and pericyte changes in retinal capillaries of normal rats, (2) are ineffective in preventing or reversing diabetes-induced retinal CBM thickening, and (3) cause further thickening of glomerular CBM in diabetic rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism