Differences in women who choose subdermal implants versus intrauterine devices

Vien C. Lam, Emily E. Hadley, Abbey B. Berenson, Jacqueline M. Hirth, Kristofer Jennings, Pooja R. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any differences in the patient populations that choose subdermal implants versus intrauterine devices (IUDs) for contraceptive purposes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Electronic medical records of women who presented to the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston’s Regional Maternal Child Health Program Clinics in southeast Texas from March 2011 to March 2013 and received a subdermal implant or IUD were reviewed. Differences in characteristics of women who chose either form of contraception were determined. RESULTS: A total of 356 charts were reviewed. Of those, 188 (53%) women chose the subdermal implant and 168 (47%) chose an IUD. Patients who chose subdermal implants were more likely to have had a longacting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method previously (p<0.01), previous vaginal deliveries (p<0.001), and an interval from delivery to LARC placement of >1 year (p<0.001). LARC choice was race-specific in that, when compared to Caucasian women, African-American women were significantly more likely to choose an IUD, while Hispanic women were significantly more likely to choose subdermal implants (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Different populations choose subdermal implants versus IUDs for contraception. Further research is needed to determine etiologies for these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-533
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2016


  • Birth control
  • Contraception
  • Contraceptive IUD
  • Contraceptive methods
  • Female contraception
  • Intrauterine devices
  • Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC)
  • Subdermal implant
  • Unmedicated IUDs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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