We studied the effects of neurotensin analogue [Gln4]neurotensin on isolated dog ileal longitudinal and circular muscle strips. [Gln4]neurotensin stimulated the spontaneous contractile activity of the circular muscle but inhibited that of the longitudinal muscle in a dose-dependent fashion. Hexamethonium had no effect on the spontaneous longitudinal or circular muscle contractile activity. Atropine and tetrodotoxin (TTX) both inhibited the longitudinal muscle. Atropine had no effect on the circular muscle, but TTX stimulated it. The effects of [Gln4]neurotensin on the circular muscle were reduced but not completely abolished by atropine. The inhibition of the longitudinal muscle by [Gln4]neurotensin was not reduced by any of the above antagonists but was enhanced by atropine. Electrical field stimulation (10 Hz, 100 mA) stimulated the longitudinal muscle and inhibited or stimulated the circular muscle depending on the pulse width of the stimulus. These effects were unaffected by [Gln4]neurotensin. We conclude that [Gln4]neurotensin has differential effects on isolated muscle strips of the two muscle layers in the dog ileum. It stimulates the circular muscle partially through cholinergic nerves at preganglionic sites and partially through a direct myogenic effect. [Gln4]neurotensin inhibits the spontaneous activity of the longitudinal muscle presumably by reducing the excitability of cholinergic nerves at postganglionic sites.
|American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
|Published - 1987
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)