Differential effects of [Gln4]neurotensin on circular and longitudinal muscle of dog ileum in vitro

M. Karaus, K. R. Prasad, S. K. Sarna, I. M. Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied the effects of neurotensin analogue [Gln4]neurotensin on isolated dog ileal longitudinal and circular muscle strips. [Gln4]neurotensin stimulated the spontaneous contractile activity of the circular muscle but inhibited that of the longitudinal muscle in a dose-dependent fashion. Hexamethonium had no effect on the spontaneous longitudinal or circular muscle contractile activity. Atropine and tetrodotoxin (TTX) both inhibited the longitudinal muscle. Atropine had no effect on the circular muscle, but TTX stimulated it. The effects of [Gln4]neurotensin on the circular muscle were reduced but not completely abolished by atropine. The inhibition of the longitudinal muscle by [Gln4]neurotensin was not reduced by any of the above antagonists but was enhanced by atropine. Electrical field stimulation (10 Hz, 100 mA) stimulated the longitudinal muscle and inhibited or stimulated the circular muscle depending on the pulse width of the stimulus. These effects were unaffected by [Gln4]neurotensin. We conclude that [Gln4]neurotensin has differential effects on isolated muscle strips of the two muscle layers in the dog ileum. It stimulates the circular muscle partially through cholinergic nerves at preganglionic sites and partially through a direct myogenic effect. [Gln4]neurotensin inhibits the spontaneous activity of the longitudinal muscle presumably by reducing the excitability of cholinergic nerves at postganglionic sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume253
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Neurotensin
Ileum
Dogs
Muscles
Atropine
Tetrodotoxin
In Vitro Techniques
Cholinergic Agents
Hexamethonium
Electric Stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Differential effects of [Gln4]neurotensin on circular and longitudinal muscle of dog ileum in vitro. / Karaus, M.; Prasad, K. R.; Sarna, S. K.; Lang, I. M.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, Vol. 253, No. 4, 1987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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