Differential expression of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between the synchronized and asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells.

Chunzhao Yu, Junbo Hu, Yongdong Feng, Deding Tao, Jianhong Wu, Jichao Qin, Shuangyou Liu, Manchao Zhang, Gangduo Wang, Xiping Li, Jinshun Zhao, Hong Ding, Eddie Reed, Qingdi Q. Li, Jianping Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The use of 'double-thymidine block' was the first widely accepted method for inducing cell synchrony and remains one of the most effective and frequently used techniques for analyzing the cell cycle today. While thymidine is in itself an inhibitor of DNA replication, thymidine blocks are typically used to generate cell synchrony at the G1/S boundary. We have previously presented the first evidence that shows the growth imbalance and altered expression levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in MOLT-4 cells synchronized in the cell cycle by thymidine. The major objective of the present study was to compare the levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between synchronized and unperturbed asynchronously growing human lymphocyte leukemia MOLT-4 cells. Here, we demonstrate that the sorted, asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells had considerably lower levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E than their counterparts of the cells arrested in G1/S phase, as assessed by flow cytometry. In addition, we confirmed these results by using post-sorting Western blotting, a new method we recently developed for examining protein expression in specific phases of sorted, synchronized or asynchronously growing cells. Our findings revealed that the levels of cyclins D3 and E in the asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells were significantly lower than those in synchronized cultures. Interestingly, protein expression levels of cyclins A and B1 in the asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells were barely measurable, suggesting that these proteins were either not expressed or under detectable levels. These studies indicate that our synchronization protocol may have disturbed cell proliferation and metabolism as evidenced by significant differences in the expression of cyclins between asynchronously growing and synchronized cells, and further suggest that the levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in synchronized cultures cannot represent those in unperturbed, asynchronously growing cells. Thus, it appears that thymidine-treated, synchronized cells may not be suitable experimental models for the study of normal cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of molecular medicine.
Volume16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cyclin B1
Cyclin A
Cyclin E
G1 Phase
Cell Cycle
Thymidine
Cyclin D3
Proteins
Cyclins
DNA Replication
S Phase
Flow Cytometry
Leukemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Differential expression of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between the synchronized and asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells. / Yu, Chunzhao; Hu, Junbo; Feng, Yongdong; Tao, Deding; Wu, Jianhong; Qin, Jichao; Liu, Shuangyou; Zhang, Manchao; Wang, Gangduo; Li, Xiping; Zhao, Jinshun; Ding, Hong; Reed, Eddie; Li, Qingdi Q.; Gong, Jianping.

In: International journal of molecular medicine., Vol. 16, No. 4, 10.2005, p. 645-651.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yu, C, Hu, J, Feng, Y, Tao, D, Wu, J, Qin, J, Liu, S, Zhang, M, Wang, G, Li, X, Zhao, J, Ding, H, Reed, E, Li, QQ & Gong, J 2005, 'Differential expression of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between the synchronized and asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells.', International journal of molecular medicine., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 645-651.
Yu, Chunzhao ; Hu, Junbo ; Feng, Yongdong ; Tao, Deding ; Wu, Jianhong ; Qin, Jichao ; Liu, Shuangyou ; Zhang, Manchao ; Wang, Gangduo ; Li, Xiping ; Zhao, Jinshun ; Ding, Hong ; Reed, Eddie ; Li, Qingdi Q. ; Gong, Jianping. / Differential expression of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between the synchronized and asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells. In: International journal of molecular medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 645-651.
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abstract = "The use of 'double-thymidine block' was the first widely accepted method for inducing cell synchrony and remains one of the most effective and frequently used techniques for analyzing the cell cycle today. While thymidine is in itself an inhibitor of DNA replication, thymidine blocks are typically used to generate cell synchrony at the G1/S boundary. We have previously presented the first evidence that shows the growth imbalance and altered expression levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in MOLT-4 cells synchronized in the cell cycle by thymidine. The major objective of the present study was to compare the levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between synchronized and unperturbed asynchronously growing human lymphocyte leukemia MOLT-4 cells. Here, we demonstrate that the sorted, asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells had considerably lower levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E than their counterparts of the cells arrested in G1/S phase, as assessed by flow cytometry. In addition, we confirmed these results by using post-sorting Western blotting, a new method we recently developed for examining protein expression in specific phases of sorted, synchronized or asynchronously growing cells. Our findings revealed that the levels of cyclins D3 and E in the asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells were significantly lower than those in synchronized cultures. Interestingly, protein expression levels of cyclins A and B1 in the asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells were barely measurable, suggesting that these proteins were either not expressed or under detectable levels. These studies indicate that our synchronization protocol may have disturbed cell proliferation and metabolism as evidenced by significant differences in the expression of cyclins between asynchronously growing and synchronized cells, and further suggest that the levels of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in synchronized cultures cannot represent those in unperturbed, asynchronously growing cells. Thus, it appears that thymidine-treated, synchronized cells may not be suitable experimental models for the study of normal cell cycle.",
author = "Chunzhao Yu and Junbo Hu and Yongdong Feng and Deding Tao and Jianhong Wu and Jichao Qin and Shuangyou Liu and Manchao Zhang and Gangduo Wang and Xiping Li and Jinshun Zhao and Hong Ding and Eddie Reed and Li, {Qingdi Q.} and Jianping Gong",
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T1 - Differential expression of cyclins A, B1, D3 and E in G1 phase of the cell cycle between the synchronized and asynchronously growing MOLT-4 cells.

AU - Yu, Chunzhao

AU - Hu, Junbo

AU - Feng, Yongdong

AU - Tao, Deding

AU - Wu, Jianhong

AU - Qin, Jichao

AU - Liu, Shuangyou

AU - Zhang, Manchao

AU - Wang, Gangduo

AU - Li, Xiping

AU - Zhao, Jinshun

AU - Ding, Hong

AU - Reed, Eddie

AU - Li, Qingdi Q.

AU - Gong, Jianping

PY - 2005/10

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