We evaluated the efficacy, safety, and biological mechanisms of digoxin immune Fab (DIF) treatment of severe preeclampsia. Fifty-one severe preeclamptic patients were randomized in double-blind fashion to DIF (n=24) or placebo (n=27) for 48 hours. Primary outcomes were change in creatinine clearance (CrCl) at 24 to 48 hours and antihypertensive drug use. Serum sodium pump inhibition, a sequela of endogenous digitalis-like factors (EDLF), was also assessed. CrCl in DIF subjects was essentially unchanged from baseline versus a decrease with placebo (310 and 3410 mL/min, respectively, p=0.02). Antihypertensive use was similar between treatments (46 and 52%, respectively, p=0.7). Serum sodium pump inhibition was decreased with DIF compared with placebo at 24 hours after treatment initiation (least squares mean difference, 19 percentage points, p=0.03). DIF appeared to be well tolerated. These results suggest DIF prevents a decline in renal function in severe preeclampsia by neutralizing EDLF. Sodium pump inhibition was significantly improved. Further research is warranted.
- Digoxin immune Fab
- endogenous digitalis-like factors
- sodium pump
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology