Dihydropyridine Antagonists and Agonists of Calcium Channels Inhibit the Induction of Nitric Oxide Synthase by Endotoxin in Cultured Macrophages

Csaba Szabó, Christoph Thiemermann, John R. Vane

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    52 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Here we investigate the effects of the dihydropyridine-type antagonists of calcium channels nitrendipine, nimodipine, nisoldipine and the calcium channel agonist BAY K 8644 on the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) by bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) in J774.2 macrophages cultured in vitro. Pretreatment of J774.2 cells with these dihydropyridines (10-8 - 3×10-6 M for 30 min) dose-dependently inhibited the LPS-stimulated (1 μg/ml, 24 h) nitrite formation. For instance, at 10-6 M, the inhibition was 59±3% for nitrendipine; 47±5% for nimodipine and 42 ± 3% for nisoldipine (n=9; p<0.05). BAY K 8644 caused a moderate, but significant inhibition of nitrite accumulation (by 16 ± 3% at 10-7 M, n=9; p<0.05). The inhibition of LPS-stimulated nitrite accumulation produced by nitrendipine, nimodipine, and BAY K 8644 was significantly smaller when they were applied 2 or 4h after LPS, indicating that these agents inhibit the induction, but not the activity of the induced NOS. At concentrations which caused a significant inhibition of the LPS-stimulated nitrite accumulation, the dihydropyridine calcium channel modulators did not inhibit mitochondrial respiration. Thus, dihydropyridi ne calcium channel modulators (antagonists and an agonist) inhibit the induction of the calcium-independent isoform of NOS produced by LPS in J774.2 macrophages. This effect is not related to the modulation of intracellular calcium levels.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)825-830
    Number of pages6
    JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
    Volume196
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 29 1993

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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