Discordant bilateral bronchoalveolar lavage findings in a patient with acute eosinophilic pneumonia associated with counterfeit tetrahydrocannabinol oil vaping

Daniel Puebla Neira, Sarah Tambra, Vibha Bhasin, Ranjana Nawgiri, Alexander G. Duarte

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Vaping has emerged as a popular alternative form of inhalation of nicotine and marihuana derivates (including Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC) in part due to the avoidance of combustion byproducts. Unfortunately, THC oil (especially that produced by unregulated individuals) may contain dilutants such as propylene glycol, vitamin E, and flavoring ingredients that can lead to adverse respiratory effects. Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) has been described in association with e-cigarette and vaping associated lung injury (EVALI) but the majority of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples reported in the literature do not show eosinophils as the predominant cell lineage. Only two other cases of AEP have been published, and here we present the first case reported in the literature of a patient with EVALI with AEP pattern associated with counterfeit tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) oil vaping and discordant bilateral BAL cell count differential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101015
JournalRespiratory Medicine Case Reports
StatePublished - 2020


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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