Discovery of benzimidazole derivatives as potent and selective aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) inhibitors with glucose consumption improving activity

Zonghui Ma, Ling Jiang, Bingyan Li, Dailin Liang, Yu Feng, Li Liu, Cheng Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) plays vital physiological and toxicological functions in many areas, such as CNS, inflammation, metabolic disorders, and cancers. Overexpression of ALDH1A1 has been disclosed to play an important role in obesity, diabetes and other diseases, indicating the potential need for the identification and development of small molecule ALDH1A1 inhibitors. Herein, a series of benzimidazole derivatives was designed, synthesized and evaluated. Among them, compounds 21, 27, 29, 61 and 65 exhibited excellent inhibitory activity against ALDH1A1 with IC50 values in the low micromolar range and high selectivity over ALDH1A2, ALDH1A3, ALDH2 and ALDH3A1. Moreover, an in vitro study demonstrated that all five compounds effectively improved glucose consumption in HepG2 cells, of which, 61 and 65 at 10 µM produced nearly equal glucose consumption with positive control Metformin (Met) at 1 mM. Furthermore, 61 and 65 showed desirable metabolic stability in human liver microsomes. All these results suggest that 61 and 65 are suitable for further studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number116352
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume46
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1)
  • Benzimidazole
  • Glucose consumption
  • Inhibitors
  • Selectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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