Dissonance-based prevention of eating disorder risk factors in middle school girls: Results from two pilot trials

Paul Rohde, Beth Auslander, Heather Shaw, Kate M. Raineri, Jeff M. Gau, Eric Stice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Although several eating disorder prevention programs reduce eating disorder risk factors and symptoms for female high school and college students, few efficacious prevention programs exist for female middle school students, despite the fact that body image and eating disturbances often emerge then. Two pilot trials evaluated a new dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program for middle school girls with body image concerns. Method Female middle school students with body dissatisfaction from two sites [Study 1: N = 81, M age = 12.1, standard deviation (SD) = 0.9; Study 2: N = 52, M age = 12.5, SD = 0.8] were randomized to a dissonance intervention (MS Body Project) or educational brochure control; Study 2 included a 3-month follow-up. Results Intervention participants showed significant post-test reductions in only one of the six variables with both Studies 1 and 2 (i.e., pressure to be thin and negative affect, respectively), though post-test effect sizes suggested medium reductions in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms (Study 1: M d =.40; Study 2: M d =.65); reductions at 3-month follow-up in Study 2 were not evident (M d =.19). Conclusions Results suggest that this new middle school version of the Body Project is producing medium magnitude reductions in eating disorder risk factors at post-test but that effects are showing limited persistence. Continued refinement and evaluation of this intervention appears warranted to develop more effective prevention programs for this age group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-494
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Body Image
Students
Pamphlets
Age Groups
Eating
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Pressure

Keywords

  • body dissatisfaction
  • dissonance
  • early adolescence
  • eating disorder
  • prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Dissonance-based prevention of eating disorder risk factors in middle school girls : Results from two pilot trials. / Rohde, Paul; Auslander, Beth; Shaw, Heather; Raineri, Kate M.; Gau, Jeff M.; Stice, Eric.

In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 47, No. 5, 2014, p. 483-494.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rohde, Paul ; Auslander, Beth ; Shaw, Heather ; Raineri, Kate M. ; Gau, Jeff M. ; Stice, Eric. / Dissonance-based prevention of eating disorder risk factors in middle school girls : Results from two pilot trials. In: International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2014 ; Vol. 47, No. 5. pp. 483-494.
@article{6f0c66f6201c4fcba52dc88535856f8b,
title = "Dissonance-based prevention of eating disorder risk factors in middle school girls: Results from two pilot trials",
abstract = "Objective Although several eating disorder prevention programs reduce eating disorder risk factors and symptoms for female high school and college students, few efficacious prevention programs exist for female middle school students, despite the fact that body image and eating disturbances often emerge then. Two pilot trials evaluated a new dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program for middle school girls with body image concerns. Method Female middle school students with body dissatisfaction from two sites [Study 1: N = 81, M age = 12.1, standard deviation (SD) = 0.9; Study 2: N = 52, M age = 12.5, SD = 0.8] were randomized to a dissonance intervention (MS Body Project) or educational brochure control; Study 2 included a 3-month follow-up. Results Intervention participants showed significant post-test reductions in only one of the six variables with both Studies 1 and 2 (i.e., pressure to be thin and negative affect, respectively), though post-test effect sizes suggested medium reductions in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms (Study 1: M d =.40; Study 2: M d =.65); reductions at 3-month follow-up in Study 2 were not evident (M d =.19). Conclusions Results suggest that this new middle school version of the Body Project is producing medium magnitude reductions in eating disorder risk factors at post-test but that effects are showing limited persistence. Continued refinement and evaluation of this intervention appears warranted to develop more effective prevention programs for this age group.",
keywords = "body dissatisfaction, dissonance, early adolescence, eating disorder, prevention",
author = "Paul Rohde and Beth Auslander and Heather Shaw and Raineri, {Kate M.} and Gau, {Jeff M.} and Eric Stice",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1002/eat.22253",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "47",
pages = "483--494",
journal = "International Journal of Eating Disorders",
issn = "0276-3478",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dissonance-based prevention of eating disorder risk factors in middle school girls

T2 - Results from two pilot trials

AU - Rohde, Paul

AU - Auslander, Beth

AU - Shaw, Heather

AU - Raineri, Kate M.

AU - Gau, Jeff M.

AU - Stice, Eric

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Objective Although several eating disorder prevention programs reduce eating disorder risk factors and symptoms for female high school and college students, few efficacious prevention programs exist for female middle school students, despite the fact that body image and eating disturbances often emerge then. Two pilot trials evaluated a new dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program for middle school girls with body image concerns. Method Female middle school students with body dissatisfaction from two sites [Study 1: N = 81, M age = 12.1, standard deviation (SD) = 0.9; Study 2: N = 52, M age = 12.5, SD = 0.8] were randomized to a dissonance intervention (MS Body Project) or educational brochure control; Study 2 included a 3-month follow-up. Results Intervention participants showed significant post-test reductions in only one of the six variables with both Studies 1 and 2 (i.e., pressure to be thin and negative affect, respectively), though post-test effect sizes suggested medium reductions in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms (Study 1: M d =.40; Study 2: M d =.65); reductions at 3-month follow-up in Study 2 were not evident (M d =.19). Conclusions Results suggest that this new middle school version of the Body Project is producing medium magnitude reductions in eating disorder risk factors at post-test but that effects are showing limited persistence. Continued refinement and evaluation of this intervention appears warranted to develop more effective prevention programs for this age group.

AB - Objective Although several eating disorder prevention programs reduce eating disorder risk factors and symptoms for female high school and college students, few efficacious prevention programs exist for female middle school students, despite the fact that body image and eating disturbances often emerge then. Two pilot trials evaluated a new dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program for middle school girls with body image concerns. Method Female middle school students with body dissatisfaction from two sites [Study 1: N = 81, M age = 12.1, standard deviation (SD) = 0.9; Study 2: N = 52, M age = 12.5, SD = 0.8] were randomized to a dissonance intervention (MS Body Project) or educational brochure control; Study 2 included a 3-month follow-up. Results Intervention participants showed significant post-test reductions in only one of the six variables with both Studies 1 and 2 (i.e., pressure to be thin and negative affect, respectively), though post-test effect sizes suggested medium reductions in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms (Study 1: M d =.40; Study 2: M d =.65); reductions at 3-month follow-up in Study 2 were not evident (M d =.19). Conclusions Results suggest that this new middle school version of the Body Project is producing medium magnitude reductions in eating disorder risk factors at post-test but that effects are showing limited persistence. Continued refinement and evaluation of this intervention appears warranted to develop more effective prevention programs for this age group.

KW - body dissatisfaction

KW - dissonance

KW - early adolescence

KW - eating disorder

KW - prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902381139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84902381139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/eat.22253

DO - 10.1002/eat.22253

M3 - Article

C2 - 24590419

AN - SCOPUS:84902381139

VL - 47

SP - 483

EP - 494

JO - International Journal of Eating Disorders

JF - International Journal of Eating Disorders

SN - 0276-3478

IS - 5

ER -