Distal Access Catheters for Coaxial Radial Access for Posterior Circulation Interventions

Visish M. Srinivasan, Patrick C. Cotton, Jan Karl Burkhardt, Jeremiah N. Johnson, Peter Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The neurointerventional field is moving towards transradial access (TRA). Among the favorable indications for TRA is for posterior circulation/vertebrobasilar interventions. For some neurointerventions, a triaxial system (guide catheter, distal access catheter [DAC], and microcatheter) is typically used for optimal support. We describe application of a new technique in which we forgo use of the guide catheter, using the DAC only for coaxial access via the radial approach and its potential advantages. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of our institutional database for cases using our coaxial distal access catheter technique for posterior circulation interventions. Patient characteristics and radiographic and clinical information were reviewed. All reviews were approved by institutional review board and ethics committee, and all patient identifiers were removed. Results: A total of 12 patients were found that met our criteria. Successful access and procedural completion was achieved in 11 of 12 (92%). Mechanical thrombectomy accounted for 7 cases; 2 of these patients were also stented via the same approach/technique. Other cases included 2 successful aneurysm treatments (1 flow diverter, 1 coil embolization), a balloon test occlusion for a cervical chordoma, and an arteriovenous malformation embolization. Conclusions: TRA with a distal access catheter provides support equivalent to a triaxial system with a coaxial construct in the posterior circulation. This has the advantage of using a smaller system in the radial and vertebrobasilar artery without losing stability. This technique can be used effectively and safely for a variety of posterior circulation neuroendovascular interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Coaxial
  • Distal access catheter
  • Distal radial
  • Snuffbox
  • Transradial
  • Triaxial
  • Vascular access

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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