Background: Anterograde in vitro tracing of the pelvic nerve (PN) and visualization in the horizontal plane in whole mount preparations has been fundamental in the analysis of distribution of peripheral nerves innervating the colorectum. Here, we performed a similar analysis, but in cryostat sections of the mouse colorectum, allowing for a more direct visualization of nerve distribution in all tissue layers. Methods: Colorectum with attached PNs was dissected from adult male BalbC mice. Presence of active afferents was certified by single fiber recording of fine PN fibers. This was followed by 'bulk' (all fibers) anterograde tracing using biotinamide (BTA). Histo- and immunohistochemical techniques were used for visualization of BTA-positive nerves, and evaluation of co-localization with calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), respectively. Tissue was analyzed using confocal microscopy on transverse or longitudinal colorectum sections. Key Results: Abundant BTA-positive nerves spanning all layers of the mouse colorectum and contacting myenteric plexus neurons, distributing within the muscle layer, penetrating deeper into the organ and contacting blood vessels, submucosal plexus neurons or even penetrating the mucosa, were regularly detected. Several traced axons co-localized CGRP, supporting their afferent nature. Finally, anterograde tracing of the PN also exposed abundant BTA-positive nerves in the major pelvic ganglion. Conclusions & Inferences: We present the patterns of innervation of extrinsic axons across layers in the mouse colorectum, including the labile mucosal layer. The proposed approach could also be useful in the analysis of associations between morphology and physiology of peripheral nerves targeting the different layers of the colorectum.
- Peripheral nerves
- Primary afferents
- in vitro tracing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems