DNA polymerase λ promotes error-free replication through Watson–Crick impairing N1-methyl-deoxyadenosine adduct in conjunction with DNA polymerase ζ

Jung Hoon Yoon, Debashree Basu, Jayati Roy Choudhury, Satya Prakash, Louise Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a previous study, we showed that replication through the N1-methyl-deoxyadenosine (1-MeA) adduct in human cells is mediated via three different Polι/Polθ, Polη, and Polζ-dependent pathways. Based on biochemical studies with these Pols, in the Polι/Polθ pathway, we inferred a role for Polι in the insertion of a nucleotide (nt) opposite 1-MeA and of Polθ in extension of synthesis from the inserted nt; in the Polη pathway, we inferred that this Pol alone would replicate through 1-MeA; in the Polζ pathway, however, the Pol required for inserting an nt opposite 1-MeA had remained unidentified. In this study, we provide biochemical and genetic evidence for a role for Polλ in inserting the correct nt T opposite 1-MeA, from which Polζ would extend synthesis. The high proficiency of purified Polλ for inserting a T opposite 1-MeA implicates a role for Polλ—which normally uses W-C base pairing for DNA synthesis—in accommodating 1-MeA in a syn confirmation and forming a Hoogsteen base pair with T. The potential of Polλ to replicate through DNA lesions by Hoogsteen base pairing adds another novel aspect to Polλ’s role in translesion synthesis in addition to its role as a scaffolding component of Polζ. We discuss how the action mechanisms of Polλ and Polζ could be restrained to inserting a T opposite 1-MeA and extending synthesis thereafter, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100868
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume297
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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