DNA repair byproduct 8-oxoguanine base promotes myoblast differentiation

Xu Zheng, Wenhe Zhang, Yinchao Hu, Zhexuan Zhao, Jiaxin Wu, Xiaoqing Zhang, Fengqi Hao, Jinling Han, Jing Xu, Wenjing Hao, Ruoxi Wang, Meihong Tian, Zsolt Radak, Yusaku Nakabeppu, Istvan Boldogh, Xueqing Ba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Muscle contraction increases the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which has been acknowledged as key signaling entities in muscle remodeling and to underlie the healthy adaptation of skeletal muscle. ROS inevitably endows damage to various cellular molecules including DNA. DNA damage ought to be repaired to ensure genome integrity; yet, how DNA repair byproducts affect muscle adaptation remains elusive. Here, we showed that exercise elicited the generation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG), that was primarily found in mitochondrial genome of myofibers. Upon exercise, TA muscle's 8-oxoG excision capacity markedly enhanced, and in the interstitial fluid of TA muscle from the post-exercise mice, the level of free 8-oxoG base was significantly increased. Addition of 8-oxoG to myoblasts triggered myogenic differentiation via activating Ras-MEK-MyoD signal axis. 8-Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase1 (OGG1) silencing from cells or Ogg1 KO from mice decreased Ras activation, ERK phosphorylation, MyoD transcriptional activation, myogenic regulatory factors gene (MRFs) expression. In reconstruction experiments, exogenously added 8-oxoG base enhanced the expression of MRFs and accelerated the recovery of the injured skeletal muscle. Collectively, these data not only suggest that DNA repair metabolite 8-oxoG function as a signal entity for muscle remodeling and contribute to exercise-induced adaptation of skeletal muscle, but also raised the potential for utilizing 8-oxoG in clinical treatment to skeletal muscle damage-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102634
JournalRedox Biology
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 8-Dihydroguanine (8-oxoG)
  • 8-Oxo-7
  • 8-oxoG glycosylase 1 (OGG1)
  • Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF)
  • Myoblast
  • Myogenic differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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