Do Gender and Exposure to Interparental Violence Moderate the Stability of Teen Dating Violence? Latent Transition Analysis

Hye Jeong Choi, Jeffrey Temple

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    14 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This study investigates the development, change, and stability of teen dating violence (TDV) victimization over time. Specifically, we identify distinct subgroups of adolescents based on past-year TDV victimization, whether adolescents change victimization statuses over time (e.g., from psychological victimization to physical victimization), and how exposure to interparental violence and gender influence the prevalence and stability of TDV statuses. Adolescents (N=1,042) from 7 public high schools in Texas participated in this longitudinal study. The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI) (Wolfe et al., Psychological Assessment, 13(2), 277–293, 2001) was used to identify victimization statuses. Latent Transition Analysis (LTA) with measurement invariance was used to examine transition probability of an individual’s latent status at Wave3 or Wave4 given his or her latent status at Wave2 or Wave3. Gender and exposure to interparental violence was included as moderators in the LTA. Three statuses of TDV victimization were identified: (1) non-victims; (2) emotional/verbal victims; and (3) physical/psychological victims. LTA showed that the majority of adolescents stayed in the same status over time; however, female youth exposed to interparental violence were more likely to move from a less to more severe status over time compared to non-exposed youth. This is among the first study to identify subgroups of TDV victimization and to examine the stability of group membership over time. Female youth exposed to interparental violence were more likely to remain in or move into a violent relationship compared to unexposed youth.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)367-376
    Number of pages10
    JournalPrevention Science
    Volume17
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

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    Keywords

    • Dating violence victimization
    • Gender
    • Interparental violence
    • Latent transition analysis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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