Does bacterial vaginosis cause pelvic inflammatory disease?

Brandie Depaoli Taylor, Toni Darville, Catherine L. Haggerty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), the infection and inflammation of the female genital tract, results in serious reproductive morbidity including infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a complex alteration of the vaginal flora that has been implicated in PID. The role of BV in the etiology and pathogenesis of PID has not been studied extensively. Our objective was to extensively review data related to the relationship between BV and PID (n = 19 studies). Several studies found a link between BV and cervicitis, endometritis, and salpingitis. Furthermore, it seems that some BV-associated organisms are associated with PID, whereas others are not. However, studies demonstrating an independent association between BV-associated organisms and PID are sparse. In addition, a causal association between BV and PID has not been established. Prospective studies are needed to further delineate the role of BV in PID, with particular focus on individual BV-associated organisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Does bacterial vaginosis cause pelvic inflammatory disease?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this