Does the Hispanic Paradox in U.S. Adult Mortality Extend to Disability?

Mark D. Hayward, Robert A. Hummer, Chi Tsun Chiu, César González-González, Rebeca Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies consistently document a Hispanic paradox in U.S. adult mortality, whereby Hispanics have similar or lower mortality rates than non-Hispanic whites despite lower socioeconomic status. This study extends this line of inquiry to disability, especially among foreign-born Hispanics, since their advantaged mortality seemingly should be paired with health advantages more generally. We also assess whether the paradox extends to U.S.-born Hispanics to evaluate the effect of nativity. We calculate multistate life tables of life expectancy with disability to assess whether racial/ethnic and nativity differences in the length of disability-free life parallel differences in overall life expectancy. Our results document a Hispanic paradox in mortality for foreign-born and U.S.-born Hispanics. However, Hispanics' low mortality rates are not matched by low disability rates. Their disability rates are substantially higher than those of non-Hispanic whites and generally similar to those of non-Hispanic blacks. The result is a protracted period of disabled life expectancy for Hispanics, both foreign- and U.S.-born.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-96
Number of pages16
JournalPopulation Research and Policy Review
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

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disability
mortality
life expectancy
socioeconomic status
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social status
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Keywords

  • Disability
  • Disabled life expectancy
  • Hispanic paradox
  • Mortality
  • Nativity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Does the Hispanic Paradox in U.S. Adult Mortality Extend to Disability? / Hayward, Mark D.; Hummer, Robert A.; Chiu, Chi Tsun; González-González, César; Wong, Rebeca.

In: Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 33, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 81-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hayward, Mark D. ; Hummer, Robert A. ; Chiu, Chi Tsun ; González-González, César ; Wong, Rebeca. / Does the Hispanic Paradox in U.S. Adult Mortality Extend to Disability?. In: Population Research and Policy Review. 2014 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 81-96.
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