Double Exposure: Natural and Artificial Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure in Beachgoers

Mark A. Ramirez, Molly M. Warthan, Tatsuo Uchida, Richard F. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Background: Although the beach is a high-risk environment for ultraviolet light exposure and subsequent skin damage, little is known about beachgoer tanning habits outside the beach setting. Our purpose was to evaluate indoor tanning and additional, nonbeach sunlight exposure in a beachgoing population. Methods: We conducted an epidemiologic survey. Results: There was more use of indoor tanning salons among sunbathing beachgoers who applied little or no skin protection from the sun (50.8% [31 of 61 respondents]) compared with nonsunbathing beachgoers (22.7% [5 of 22 respondents]). In addition to increased use of tanning salons, we observed that poorly protected sunbathers tanned at locations other than the beach on a regular basis (50.8% [31 of 61 respondents]) more than nonsunbathers did (9.1% [2 of 22 respondents]). Conclusion: Beachgoing sunbathers often used both natural sunlight and tanning beds, subjecting themselves to two forms of ultraviolet radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)652-655
Number of pages4
JournalSouthern medical journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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