Thirty survivors of acute myocardial infarction with 3+ or 4+ positive technetium-99m pyrophosphate myocardial scintigrams were followed up for 28 ± 3.1 months (mean ± standard deviation). Three patient groups were identified from the pattern of radioactive uptake in the scintigram: Group I, 16 patients with focal uptake (anterior in 7, lateral in 2, posterior in 3 and inferior in 4); Group II, 6 patients with anterior myocardial infarction and a doughnut pattern of uptake; Group III, 8 patients with nontransmural myocardial infarction and a diffuse pattern of uptake. Late complications developed in all patients with the doughnut pattern of uptake compared with 43 percent of patients with the focal pattern and 12 percent of patients with the diffuse pattern. After discharge from the hospital, five of six patients with a doughnut pattern of uptake died (mean survival time 9.8 months after the initial myocardial infarction). This mortality rate (83 percent) was significantly greater than that of patients with a focal (mortality rate 6 percent) or diffuse (no mortality) pattern of uptake. The doughnut pattern of technetium-99m pyrophosphate myocardial uptake in patients with acute myocardial infarction appears to identify a subgroup of patients with a very poor long-term prognosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine