Doxorubicin Affects the Cardiac Muscarinic System in the Rat

Akihito Chugun, Tsuyoshi Uchide, Kyosuke Temma, Richard H. Kennedy, Vicki Klimberg, Yukio Hara, Takushi Sasaki, Tai Akera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the study on the mechanism of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, we observed that a long incubation (4 hr) with doxorubicin reduced the maximal negative inotropic effects of a muscarinic receptor agonist, carbachol. The mechanism responsible for this doxorubicin-induced reduction of the efficacy of carbachol was examined in isolated guinea pig hearts. In isolated left atrial muscle preparations, 1 hr incubation with 100 μM doxorubicin caused a parallel right-ward shift of the concentration-response curves for carbachol, but a longer (4 hr) incubation with this agent (30, 100 or 200 μM), caused a significant reduction of the magnitude of the negative inotropic effect of carbachol in addition to the concentration-dependent parallel right-ward shift. The 4-hr incubation with these concentrations of doxorubicin also reduced the maximal negative inotropic effect of an adenosine A1 receptor agonist, R-phenylisopropyl adenosine (R-PIA), without affecting the potency of this agonist. Doxorubicin (1 to 100 μM) reduced [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) binding in a concentration dependent manner, but failed to alter [3H]R-PIA binding. The decrease in the magnitude of the maximal negative inotropic effect by doxorubicin was caused by changes in the muscarinic system at steps common to the transduction of muscarinic and adenosine A1 receptor mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1315-1322
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adenosine receptor
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Doxorubicin
  • Muscarinic receptor
  • Rat heart

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Chugun, A., Uchide, T., Temma, K., Kennedy, R. H., Klimberg, V., Hara, Y., Sasaki, T., & Akera, T. (2001). Doxorubicin Affects the Cardiac Muscarinic System in the Rat. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 63(12), 1315-1322. https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.63.1315