Driving under the influence (DUI) among U.S. ethnic groups

Raul Caetano, Christine McGrath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

To report nationwide survey data on driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs (DUI) among U.S. ethnic groups. Data come from a probability sample of 39,250 adults 18 years of age and older interviewed by the U.S. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse in 2000. Interviews averaging 1 h in length were conducted in respondents' homes by trained interviewers. The survey response rate was 74%. Self-reported rates of DUI were highest among White men (22%), Native American/Native Alaskan men (20.8%) and men of Mixed race (22.5%). Twelve-month arrest rates for DUI were highest among men of Mixed race (5%) and Native American/Native Alaskan men (3.2%). Drinkers who DUI are more likely to be men (regardless of ethnicity), not married, consume more alcohol, and be alcohol dependent than drinkers who do not engage in alcohol-impaired driving. However, important ethnic specific predictors are also identified across the different ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

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Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Blacks
  • Driving
  • Ethnic groups
  • Hispanic Americans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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