Objectives: Preoperative duplex scanning of arm and forearm veins has increased the creation of autogenous arteriovenous (AV) fistulas. However, the cumulative functional patency and durability of transposed AV fistulas (TAVF) compared with nontransposed AV fistulas (AVF) and prosthetic bridging grafts (AVG) remains ill-defined. Methods: From January 1998 to December 2002, 245 dialysis access procedures were performed at University Hospital and the Veteran Affairs Medical Center in New Jersey. Follow-up data were available for 125 procedures (TAVF, n = 42; AVF, n = 30; AVG, n = 53) performed in 97 patients. All access procedures were planned on the basis of preoperative duplex scans of arm and forearm veins. Functional patency was defined as ability to cannulate and hemodialyze patients successfully. Primary and secondary cumulative functional patency of TAVFs, AVFs, and AVGs was determined with life table analysis, and differences were analyzed with the log-rank test. Differences in revision rates, including thrombolysis, thrombectomies, and operative revisions, were determined with the Fisher exact t test. Results: Mean follow-up was 18 months (range, 4-24 months). For TAVFs, AVFs, and AVGs, primary functional patency rate at 1 year was 76.2%, 53.3%, and 47.2%, respectively, and at 2 years was 67.7%, 34.4%, and 25.5%, respectively. Similarly, secondary functional patency rate at 1 year was 83.2%, 66.7%, and 58.5%, respectively, and at 2 years was 74.6%, 56.2%, and 40.2%, respectively. Primary and secondary functional patency rates for TAVFs were superior to those for AVGs at 1 and 2 years (P < .001). AVFs had superior secondary functional patency rate at 2 years, compared with AVGs (P < .05), and TAVFs had superior primary and secondary patency rates at 2 years, compared with AVFs (P < .05). AVGs required significantly more revisions than did TAVFs (28.5% vs 54.7%; P < .001) or AVFs (36.7% vs 54.7%; P < .05). Conclusions: Preoperative duplex scanning of upper arm and forearm veins facilitated successful creation of all types of autogenous fistulas at our institution. TAVF cumulative functional patency rates were superior compared with AVGs and AVFs. Furthermore, TAVFs and AVFs were more durable and required fewer revisions than did AVGs. When preoperative duplex criteria indicate that TAVFs can be performed, they should be the initial access of choice, because of their superior long-term patency and durability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine