Early childhood attachment and suicidal ideation among young Kenyan men

Michael Goodman, Derrick Gibson, Thiennga T. Vo, Aaron Wang, Stanley Gitari, Benny Raimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that suicide behavior is driven by two interpersonal dynamics – perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Attachment theory posits that one's sense of belonging may stem from social attachments during childhood. In this study, we investigate whether these two theories may be meaningfully combined to provide a life course perspective on suicide ideation among young Kenyan men (age 18–34 years). We find that respondents who recalled childhood attachments that were less safe and warm were significantly more likely to report suicide ideation, a pathway that was significantly mediated by present loneliness. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, the association between loneliness and suicide ideation was significantly mediated by less meaning in life and hope. Suicide ideation in adulthood may be prevented by promoting more secure attachments during childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Life Course Research
Volume35
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

suicide
childhood
adulthood
present

Keywords

  • Attachment theory
  • Interpersonal theory
  • Kenya
  • Men
  • Suicide ideation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Early childhood attachment and suicidal ideation among young Kenyan men. / Goodman, Michael; Gibson, Derrick; Vo, Thiennga T.; Wang, Aaron; Gitari, Stanley; Raimer, Benny.

In: Advances in Life Course Research, Vol. 35, 01.03.2018, p. 126-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goodman, Michael ; Gibson, Derrick ; Vo, Thiennga T. ; Wang, Aaron ; Gitari, Stanley ; Raimer, Benny. / Early childhood attachment and suicidal ideation among young Kenyan men. In: Advances in Life Course Research. 2018 ; Vol. 35. pp. 126-134.
@article{deb675641982454db55b9ba7e73b511b,
title = "Early childhood attachment and suicidal ideation among young Kenyan men",
abstract = "The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that suicide behavior is driven by two interpersonal dynamics – perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Attachment theory posits that one's sense of belonging may stem from social attachments during childhood. In this study, we investigate whether these two theories may be meaningfully combined to provide a life course perspective on suicide ideation among young Kenyan men (age 18–34 years). We find that respondents who recalled childhood attachments that were less safe and warm were significantly more likely to report suicide ideation, a pathway that was significantly mediated by present loneliness. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, the association between loneliness and suicide ideation was significantly mediated by less meaning in life and hope. Suicide ideation in adulthood may be prevented by promoting more secure attachments during childhood.",
keywords = "Attachment theory, Interpersonal theory, Kenya, Men, Suicide ideation",
author = "Michael Goodman and Derrick Gibson and Vo, {Thiennga T.} and Aaron Wang and Stanley Gitari and Benny Raimer",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.alcr.2018.02.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "126--134",
journal = "Advances in Life Course Research",
issn = "1040-2608",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early childhood attachment and suicidal ideation among young Kenyan men

AU - Goodman, Michael

AU - Gibson, Derrick

AU - Vo, Thiennga T.

AU - Wang, Aaron

AU - Gitari, Stanley

AU - Raimer, Benny

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that suicide behavior is driven by two interpersonal dynamics – perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Attachment theory posits that one's sense of belonging may stem from social attachments during childhood. In this study, we investigate whether these two theories may be meaningfully combined to provide a life course perspective on suicide ideation among young Kenyan men (age 18–34 years). We find that respondents who recalled childhood attachments that were less safe and warm were significantly more likely to report suicide ideation, a pathway that was significantly mediated by present loneliness. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, the association between loneliness and suicide ideation was significantly mediated by less meaning in life and hope. Suicide ideation in adulthood may be prevented by promoting more secure attachments during childhood.

AB - The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that suicide behavior is driven by two interpersonal dynamics – perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Attachment theory posits that one's sense of belonging may stem from social attachments during childhood. In this study, we investigate whether these two theories may be meaningfully combined to provide a life course perspective on suicide ideation among young Kenyan men (age 18–34 years). We find that respondents who recalled childhood attachments that were less safe and warm were significantly more likely to report suicide ideation, a pathway that was significantly mediated by present loneliness. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, the association between loneliness and suicide ideation was significantly mediated by less meaning in life and hope. Suicide ideation in adulthood may be prevented by promoting more secure attachments during childhood.

KW - Attachment theory

KW - Interpersonal theory

KW - Kenya

KW - Men

KW - Suicide ideation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052245725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052245725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.02.001

DO - 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.02.001

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 126

EP - 134

JO - Advances in Life Course Research

JF - Advances in Life Course Research

SN - 1040-2608

ER -