Ecological validity of the neuropsychological assessment battery screening module in post-acute brain injury rehabilitation

Richard O. Temple, Dennis J. Zgaljardic, Beatriz C. Abreu, Gary S. Seale, Glenn V. Ostir, Kenneth Ottenbacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary objective: To assess the ecological validity of the Screening Module of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB-SM) using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Method: Seventy individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury at a residential post-acute rehabilitation facility were administered the FIM instrument and the NAB-SM upon admission. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between the variables from these two assessment measures. Results: Hierarchical models revealed that (1) the NAB-SM Total score was significantly associated with the FIM instrument Total score as well as the Motor and Cognition sub-scale scores, above and beyond the contribution of demographic variables, (2) the NAB-SM Language, Memory and Spatial domain scores were significantly associated with of the FIM instrument Cognition sub-scale score and (3) the NAB-SM Spatial domain score was significantly associated with of the FIM instrument Total and Motor sub-scale scores. Conclusions: The current findings support previous research and provide strong evidence for the ecological validity of the NAB-SM with regard to functional abilities as assessed by the FIM instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Injury
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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Brain Injuries
Cognition
Rehabilitation
Aptitude
Language
Regression Analysis
Demography
Research
Spatial Memory
SM 1
Traumatic Brain Injury

Keywords

  • Neuropsychological assessment
  • Outcomes assessment
  • Rehabilitation
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Ecological validity of the neuropsychological assessment battery screening module in post-acute brain injury rehabilitation. / Temple, Richard O.; Zgaljardic, Dennis J.; Abreu, Beatriz C.; Seale, Gary S.; Ostir, Glenn V.; Ottenbacher, Kenneth.

In: Brain Injury, Vol. 23, No. 1, 2009, p. 45-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Temple, Richard O. ; Zgaljardic, Dennis J. ; Abreu, Beatriz C. ; Seale, Gary S. ; Ostir, Glenn V. ; Ottenbacher, Kenneth. / Ecological validity of the neuropsychological assessment battery screening module in post-acute brain injury rehabilitation. In: Brain Injury. 2009 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 45-50.
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